Allon studied for his undergraduate and Masters degrees in Physics at University of Cambridge, UK, and for a PhD in theoretical physics, also at Cambridge. During his undergraduate years he was awarded the Cavendish prize for excellence in physics, and for his Masters project on cholesteric liquid crystals he was awarded the Neville Mott/BAE Systems prize and the Science, Education and Technology prize for best physics student in the UK.
Early in his PhD with Prof. Ben Simons, he was distracted from physics into biology while studying the statistical properties of stem cell-derived clones. This study led to the finding that stem cells give rise to clones that follow one of just a small number of universal size distributions, which, in turn, revealed that stem cells in renewing tissues divide and differentiate according to a set of simple and generic rule that can be described by a stochastic process.
Following his PhD, Allon joined Magdalene College, Cambridge, as a junior research fellow, before taking up a Departmental Fellow position at the Systems Biology department at Harvard Medical School. Allon has also held an Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) overseas Postdoctoral Fellowship at the Life Sciences Interface. He can currently be found developing experimental and theoretical tools to study cell fate decisions in the Kirschner lab in Systems Biology department at Harvard Medical School.