The Discovery of Three New z>5 Quasars in the AGN and Galaxy Evolution Survey


Cool RJ, Kochanek CS, Eisenstein DJ, Stern D, Brand K, Brown MJI, Dey A, Eisenhardt PR, Fan X, Gonzalez AH, et al. The Discovery of Three New z>5 Quasars in the AGN and Galaxy Evolution Survey. The Astronomical Journal [Internet]. 2006;132:823-830.


We present the discovery of three z>5 quasars in the AGN and GalaxyEvolution Survey spectroscopic observations of the NOAO Deep Wide-FieldSurvey (NDWFS) Bootes Field. These quasars were selected as part of alarger Spitzer mid-infrared quasar sample, with no selection based onoptical colors. The highest redshift object, NDWFS J142516.3+325409, atz=5.85, is the lowest luminosity z>5.8 quasar currently known. Wecompare mid-infrared techniques for identifying z>5 quasars to moretraditional optical techniques and show that mid-infrared colors allowfor the selection of high-redshift quasars even at redshifts at whichquasars lie near the optical stellar locus and at z>7, where opticalselection is impossible. Using the superb multiwavelength coverageavailable in the NDWFS Bootes field, we construct the spectral energydistributions (SEDs) of high-redshift quasars from observedBW band to 24 μm (rest-frame 600 Å-3.7 μm). Weshow that the three high-redshift quasars have quite similar SEDs, andthe rest-frame composite SED of low-redshift quasars from the literatureshows little evolution compared to our high-redshift objects. We comparethe number of z>5 quasars we have discovered to the expected numberfrom published quasar luminosity functions. While analyses of the quasarluminosity function are tenuous based on only three objects, we findthat a relatively steep luminosity function with Ψ~L-3.2provides the best agreement with the number of high-redshift quasarsdiscovered in our survey.