Deng Xiaoping Book

July 21, 2011

Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China

Ezra F. Vogel

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Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China

Ezra F. Vogel

 

GLOSSARY

 

 

anding tuanjie                                     stability and unity

(安定团结)

 

anlao fenpei                                         pay according to work performed

(按劳分配)

 

ba tamen nongqilai bu jiu                   If we take care of them,

jiejue wenti le ma?                              wouldn’t that solve the problem?
(把他们弄起来不就解决问题了吗?)

 

 

ban jun ru ban hu                                serving a lord is like serving a tiger
(伴君如伴虎)

 

baochan daohu                                   permit production teams to decentralize rural work

(包产到组)                                          to smaller units

 

 

baojun (暴君)                                      tyrant


baoliu dangji, yiguan houxiao
allowed to remain in the party to see how he

(保留党籍, 以观后效)                        behaves

 

baoluan (暴乱)                                    riot

bi ganzi (笔杆子)                                “pen”

 

boluan fanzheng(拨乱反正)               eliminate chaos

 

bu ai shuohua                                      not talking much

(不爱说话)

 

bu ke (补课)                                        supplementary class

bu liwai (不例外)                                no exception

 

bu zhenglun (不争论)                         let’s avoid quarrels

 

 

 

bujin zai zhengzhishang                      not only is Hua Guofeng the most appropriate

sixiangshang Hua Guofeng tongzhi    person to succeed Mao in terms of

shi zui shehe de Mao zhuxi de,            his politics and his ideology,

jiebanren jiu nianling laishuo            but at his age … he can provide stability

keyi shi wuchanjieji lingdao               for at least fifteen or twenty years

de wendingxing zhi shao keyi              

baozheng shiwunian huo ershinian

 zhijiu                                                 

 (不仅在政治上思想上华国锋

同志是最适合的毛主席的接班人,

就年龄来说可以使无产阶级

领导的稳定性至少可以保证十五年

 或二十年之久)

 

buyao zhanzhe maokeng bu lashi       shit or get off the pot hole

(不要占着茅坑不拉屎)

 

chengbao zhi (承包制)                        responsibility system

 

chuangjin (闯劲)                                 break new paths

 

Chuangye (创业)                                The Pioneers (movie)

 

da zhaohu  ( 打招呼)                          sound the alert

 

dadao kuofu  (大刀阔斧 )                  boldly swinging his broad sword and axe                                                          

 

daiye (待业)                                       waiting for assignment

 

danwei (单位)                                    work unit

 

dashi bu hutu (大事不糊涂)              on important matters, he is not muddled  

 

Deng Xiaoping lilun (邓小平理论)    Deng Xiaoping theory

 

dian (点)                                              point

 

dongluan (动乱)                                  turmoil

 

er jingon g(二进宫)                            literally, twice entering the palace                                                                                         

fan liang fan (翻两番)             quadrupling, literally doubling twice

 

 

fan zichan jieji ziyouhua                      anti-bourgeois liberalization

(反资产阶级自由化)                                                 

fandang jituan zuizheng                      evidence of the criminal activities of the anti-party clique

(反党集团罪证)                                                         

 

fang pi (放屁)                                     “bull shit”                                                       

 

fangeming baoluan                             counterrevolutionary rebellion

(反革命暴乱)                                                 

 

feitou da er (肥头大耳)                       fat head and big ears, i.e., like a pig

 

gaman tetsugaku (我慢哲学)              philosophy of endurance

 

gan zuo (敢做)                                    dared to do

 

Gang-Ao (港澳)                                  Hong Kong-Macao

 

gelaohui (哥老会)                               secret brotherhood

 

getihu (个体户)                                   individual household enterprises

 

Guangfan jiechu, xiangxi diaocha,     Have broad contacts, make detailed investigations,

shenru yanjiu xie wenti … ye kan-      and carry on deep research into the    

kan tamen de jingji gongzuo shi         issues. … Look at how they manage their economic

zenme guande.                                    activities.  We ought to study the successful

Zibenzhuyi guojia xianjin de jingyan, experiences of the capitalist countries and bring

hao de jingyan women yingdang         bring them back to China.

ba ta xue huilai.                                                                                    

 (广泛接触,详细调查,深入研究些问题 …

也看看他们的经济工作是怎么管的

资本主义国家先进的经验,

好的经验, 我们应当把它学回来)

 

guanxi (关系)                                      people with whom one shares an affinity  

guanyu jundui bianzhi tizhi                 plan concerning the readjustment of the structure

de tiaozheng                                        of the military tables of organization

(关于军队编制体制的调整)                                                 

 

guashu diluo    (瓜熟蒂落)                  when the gourd is ripe it falls off the vine

 

gugong (雇工)                                     hired workers

guihua (规划)                                     plan

guoshi (国史)                                      national history

Guowuyuan jihua gongzuo wuxuhui   State Council Theoretical Forum on Planning Work

(国务院计划工作务虚会)

 

Haidao nü minbing (海岛女民兵)      The Island Militiawoman (novel)

 

haishi jiao tequ hao.                            Let’s call them special zones.  In the past,

Guoqu Shaan-gan-ning                       Shaan-gan-ning was called a special zone!  There

 jiu jiao tequ ma!                                 was no money, but the center enacted some policies

Meiyou qian, zhongyang gei xie          to make a breakthrough and to hew a path!

 zhengce, you nimen qu chuang.        

Sha chu yi tiao xue lu)                        

(还是叫特区好。过去陕甘宁就

叫特区嘛!  没有钱,中央给些政策,

由你们去闯。杀出一条血路)

 

Haixia             (海霞)                                      The Glow above the Sea (movie)

 

hao (好)                                               OK

 

Heshang (河殇)                                  River Elegy  (television documentary)

 

huan wo huaquan,                              Return our wreaths. Return our comrades-in-arms

huan wo zhanyou

(还我花圈, 还我战友)                                   

 

jia yang guizi (假洋鬼子)                   fake foreign devil

 

jiaohuan, bijiao, fanfu                         exchange views, compare, go over the issues again

(交换,比较,反复)                          and again

 

Jiaoyu geming tongxun                       Educational Revolution Bulletin (journal)

(教育革命通讯)                                 

 

jiben yuanze(基本原则)                      four cardinal principles

jiegui (接轨)                                        linking tracks                          

jihua (计划)                                        plan 

jin gong (进贡)                                    the summons, in imperial times, of local officials to the capital to receive criticism

 

jin yibu zhili zhengdun he                    “Advancing Consolidation and the Deepening

shenhua gaige                                     of Reform”

(进一步治理整顿和深化改革)

 

jingang (金刚)                                     four protective Buddhist deities

 

Jingji cankao ziliao (经济参考资料) Economic Reference Materials (journal)

 

jingshen wuran (精神污染)                spiritual pollution

 

jiyao mishu (机要秘书)                      confidential secretary 

 

jun fenqu zhengwei                             political commissar of a branch district of the PLA

(军分区政委)

 

junxin buwen   (军心不稳)                  soldiers’ hearts may not be steady                 

 

juzhong ruoqing (举重若轻)               move heavy things as if they were light                                            

kan yikan (看一看)                             let’s see how it goes

 

kanle, mei yijian, xie de hao                “I read it, I have no objections. It is well-written”

(看了,没意见,写的好)                                                     

 

Kexue jishu shi shengchan li               science and technology constitute a force of

(科学技术是生产力)                          production

 

Kexue jishu zhuangbei weiyuanhui     CMC Commission on Science and Technology

(科学技术装备委员会)                      Equipment

 

kexueyuan gongzuo huibao tigang      Outline of the Work Report of the Chinese  

 (科学院工作汇报提纲)                     Academy of Sciences

 

kuan song, kuan rong, kuan hou         more permissive, tolerant, and magnanimous

(宽松,宽容,宽厚)                         

 

Kulian (苦恋)                                      Bitter Love (screenplay)

 

la guanxi (拉关系)                              cultivate good relations with higher levels

 

lao pengyou  (老朋友)                       old friend

 

leili fengxing zhuazhu bufang              with the power of a thunderbolt and the speed of

 (雷厉风行抓住不放)                         lightning, grab the issue and don’t let it go

 

lengjing guancha, wenzhu zhenjiao    observe calmly, hold one’s ground,

chenzhuo  yingfu, yousuo zuowei        soberly respond, and get some things done

(冷静观察,稳住阵脚

沉着应付,有所作为  )

 

Liang Xiao (粱效)                               Two Schools (writing group)

 

lianheguo (联合国)                            linked, amalgamated, or nationalized, i.e., appropriated

 

ligaishui (利改税 )                              taxation relying on profit remittances

 

Lilun dongtai   (理论动态)                  Theoretical Trends (journal)

 

lingdao banzi   (领导班子)                 party leadership team

 

lun quandang quanguo                       principles to guide the party and  the whole country

gexiang gongzuo de zonggang           

(论全党全国各项工作的总纲)

 

lun zonggang   (论总纲)                      discussion of the overall principles

 

manman lai, buyao zhaoji,                  Go slowly, don’t be in a rush;

zhao guoqu fangzhen ban,                  act according to the past directions.

ni banshi, wo fangxin                          With you in charge, I am at ease

(慢慢来,不要着急,

照过去方针办,

你办事, 我放心)

 

mengjiang (猛将)                                fierce and daring general

 

mian (面)                                             whole surface

 

mishu (秘书)                                       office director (secretary)

 

nanxun tanhua (南巡谈话)                 talks from the southern tour

 

nianpu (年谱)                                      chronology

 

omono (大物)                                      statesmen

 

pai ban  (拍板)                                    “slap the table”

 

peiyang (培养)                                    cultivate (successors)

 

pi-Lin, pi-Kong                                    criticize Lin (Biao), criticize Confucius

 

popo                                                    mother-in-law  (i.e., senior woman supervising the household)(婆婆)

 

putonghua (普通话)                            standard Mandarin pronunciation

 

qian (钱)                                              money

 

Qinzhengdian (勤政殿)                      a building in Zhongnanhai

 

qiuba (丘八)                                        just being a simple soldier

 

quan (权)                                             authority

 

Quanguo gaodeng xuexiao                 All-China Higher Education

zhaosheng gongzuo tanhui                  Admission Work Forum

(全国高等学校招生工作座谈会)

 

rencai jiaoliu zhongxin                        personnel exchange centers

(人才交流中心)

 

Renmin wenxue (人民文学)               People’s Literature (journal)

 

ruan, lan, san  (软,懒,散)              soft, lazy, and disorganized

 

Sanguo yanyi (三国演义)                   Romance of the Three Kingdoms (novel)

 

shang you zhengce, xia you duice      Beijing has its policies and we have our counter-

(上有政策,下有对策)                      policies

 

shazi guazi” (傻子瓜子)                    “Simpleton’s Sunflower Seeds”

 

shijian shi jianyan zhenli                     experience is the sole criterion for testing truth

de weiyi biaozhun

(实践是检验真理的唯一标准)                                                                     

 

shinkansen (新干线)                           bullet train

 

shiye (失业)                                         unemployment

 

shuidao gucheng, guashu diluo           when the rain falls, a channel for transporting the

水到渠成,                                        water is formed automatically; when the gourd is

瓜熟蒂落)                                           ripe it falls off the vine

 

 shuji (书记)                                        secretary of the party Secretariat

 

shushu hao (叔叔好)                           “uncle Deng”

 

Sihua jianshe de wuxuhui                   Forum on Principles to Guide the Four

(四化建设的 务虚会)                         Modernizations

 

Sixiang zhanxian (思想战线)              The Ideological Frontline (journal)

 

taijielun (台阶论)                                officials to be tested at each level

 

tao guang yanghui,                             bide our time, never take the lead, and build

 juebu dangtou, yousuo zuowei           up our capabilities

(韬光养晦,决不当头,有所作为)

 

Tequ bangongshi (特区办公室)         Special Economic Zone Office

teshu zhengce, linghuo cuoshi             special policy, with flexible measures

(特殊政策,灵活措施)                                                         

 

tiaozheng (调整)                                 readjustment

Tizhi gaige weiyuanhui                       Structural Reform Commission

(体制改革委员会)

 

tongbao (同胞)                                    brethren, or compatriots (literally, those from the

                                                            same womb)

 

tongzhi (同志)                                     comrade

touxiang zhuyizhe ( 投降主义者)       capitulationist

 

weiqi (围棋)                                        Chinese board game (in Japanese, go)

 

wenbu duiti (文不对题)                      way off the mark

 

 

wusuo weiju (无所畏惧)                     nothing to fear (also a homonym for having “no

                                                            stomach”)

 

wo hai keyi gao 20 nian                      I can still work for 20 years
我还可以搞20年)

 

Wuzibu (物资部)                                 Ministry of Goods and Materials

 

Wuziju (物资局)                                  Materials Bureau

 

xia hai (下海)                                     “jumping into the rough waters” of business                                                                        

xian (线)                                              line

 

xiang qian kan (向前看)                     looking to the future

 

xiang qian kan (向钱看)                      looking for money

 

Xiannongtan tiyuguan                         Peasants Gymnasium

(先农坛体育馆)

 

Xiaoping, ni hao (小平,你好)          hello, Xiaoping

 

xitong (系统)                                      vertical functional hierarchy

 

xuehao wenjian zhuazhu gang            Study the documents well and grasp the key link

(学好文件抓住纲)                              i.e., class struggle

 

yang yuejin (洋跃进)                          Western-led Leap Forward

 

Yegong haolong (叶公好龙)               Lord Ye loved looking at a book with pretty pictures of dragons

 

yewuzu            (业务组)                                  leadership group

 

yeye hao (爷爷好)                               “grandpa Deng”

 

1989 fengbo (八九风波)                     1989 storm

 

yi tiaoxian  (一条线)                           a single line

 

yimu liaoran (一目了然)                    see with one eye, i.e., understand a situation with
one glance

 

yiqi  (义气)                                          code of brotherly honor and loyalty found among

secret brotherhoods

 

yong yiqie de shouduan                       to do whatever is necessary

(用一切的手段)

 

zhengdun (整顿)                                 consolidation

 

zhengfeng (整风)                                 rectification

 

zhengzhi dongluan (政治)                   political turmoil

 

zhong, san, jiao, she, duo                    lax, disorganized, extravagant, and lazy

(肿,散,骄,奢,惰)

 

Zhongyang zhengzhi tizhi                    Central Committee Small Group

gaige yantao xiaozu                            on Political System Reform

(中央政治体制改革研讨小组)

zige lao (资格老)                                higher and older qualifications

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