Kelly O'Neill is Associate Professor of History at Harvard University where she serves on the Executive Committee of the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies and the Committee on Inner Asian and Altaic Studies. She is a faculty associate of the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs.

Dr. O'Neill received her Ph.D. (History) and M.A. (Regional Studies) from Harvard and her B.A. (Russian Language & Literature) from Amherst College. Her first book, Southern Empire: the Logic and Limits of Russian Rule in Crimea, reconstructs the incorporation of the peoples, places, and institutions of the Crimean khanate (a predominantly Muslim state conquered by Catherine II in 1783) into the Russian imperial system. Her current projects explore the Black Sea slave trade in the 19th century, the development of the Russian wine industry, and the environmental and economic history of Russian shipbuilding. Dr. O'Neill is also in the process of developing an historical GIS of the cultural and commercial infrastructure of the tsarist empire.