Advanced glycation end products enhance expression of pro-apoptotic genes and stimulate fibroblast apoptosis through cytoplasmic and mitochondrial pathways

Citation:

Z. Alikhani, M. Alikhani, C. M. Boyd, K. Nagao, P. C. Trackman, and D. T. Graves. 2005. “Advanced glycation end products enhance expression of pro-apoptotic genes and stimulate fibroblast apoptosis through cytoplasmic and mitochondrial pathways.” J Biol ChemJ Biol ChemJ Biol Chem, 280, Pp. 12087-95.

Abstract:

Both aging and diabetes are characterized by the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Both exhibit other similarities including deficits in wound healing that are associated with higher rates of fibroblast apoptosis. In order to investigate a potential mechanism for enhanced fibroblast apoptosis in diabetes and aged individuals, experiments were carried out to determine whether the predominant advanced glycation end product in skin, N-epsilon-(carboxymethyl) lysine (CML)-collagen, could induce fibroblast apoptosis. In vivo experiments established that CML-collagen but not unmodified collagen induced fibroblast apoptosis and that apoptosis was dependent upon caspase-3, -8, and -9 activity. In vitro experiments demonstrated that CML-collagen but not control collagen induced a time- and dose-dependent increase in fibroblast apoptosis. By use of blocking antibodies, apoptosis was shown to be mediated through receptor for AGE signaling. AGE-induced apoptosis was largely dependent on the effector caspase, caspase-3, which was activated through both cytoplasmic (caspase-8-dependent) and mitochondrial (caspase-9) pathways. CML-collagen had a global effect of enhancing mRNA levels of pro-apoptotic genes that included several classes of molecules including ligands, receptors, adaptor molecules, mitochondrial proteins, and others. However, the pattern of expression was not identical to the pattern of apoptotic genes induced by tumor necrosis factor alpha.

Notes:

Alikhani, ZoubinAlikhani, ManiBoyd, Coy MNagao, KiyokoTrackman, Philip CGraves, Dana TAR49920/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS/United StatesDC11254/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS/United StatesDE07559/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS/United StatesDE14066/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS/United StatesJournal ArticleResearch Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.United StatesJ Biol Chem. 2005 Apr 1;280(13):12087-95. Epub 2004 Dec 6.