The History Manifesto


Guldi, Jo, and David Armitage. 2014. The History Manifesto. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jacket.pdf6.3 MB
The History Manifesto


Full Text


Open Access Publication:

The History Manifesto is published open-access under a CC-BY licence. It is available in HTML and PDF formats at The conditions of open-access publication are as follows:

"This version is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence. This licence allows the content to be downloaded and shared with others, as long as attribution is credited to the original. The content may not be re-used commercially or altered in any way, including re-use of only extracts or parts."

To view a copy of the licence, visit



Chinese translation, Truth & Wisdom Press, 2017.

Italian translation, Rome: Donzelli Editore, 2016.

Japanese translation, Tokyo: Tōsui Shobō, 2017.

Korean translation, Hanul Ak’ademi: in progress.

Portuguese translation, Autêntica Editora: in progress.

Russian translation, Ab Imperio, 1/2015: 21–75; 2/2015: 25–61; 3/2015: 23–71; 4/2015: 27–89.

Spanish translation, Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 2016.

Turkish translation, Istanbul: Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları, 2016.


David Armitage and Jo Guldi, 'Reclaiming History for the Future,' The Conversation (The Chronicle of Higher Education) (16 October 2014):

David Armitage, 'Why Politicians Need Historians,' The Guardian (7 October 2014): 38;

Jo Guldi and David Armitage, ‘Historians May Never Rule the World, but Their Models will Rule the Data-Driven Future,’ History News Network (6 October 2014):

David Armitage and Jo Guldi, 'Bonfire of the Humanities,' Aeon Magazine (2 October 2014):

Jo Guldi and David Armitage, 'Let's Look at the Evidence,' Times Higher Education (2 October 2014): 45-47;

Jo Guldi and David Armitage, 'Look Beyond a Lifespan,' History Today, 64, 10 (October 2014): 3-4.

Jo Guldi and David Armitage, ‘Il Falò delle scienze umane? Introduzione a The History Manifesto, Traduzione italiana di Giuliana Arcidiacono’, Bollettino della Fondazione “Vito Fazio-Allmayer", 25, 2 (July-December) 2016: 57-68.


Reviews, Blog Posts and Discussions:

Timo Aava, ‘Guldi ja Armitage’i ajaloomanifest,’ Sirp (20 February 2015):

David Abulafia, ‘Lucky Jim and La Longue Durée,’ Standpoint, 67 (November 2014):

Adrián Acosta Silva, 'El cortoplacismo y las universidades,' Campus Milenio (6 October 2016):

Alejandro, ‘Manifiesto por la Historia,’ Cosillas de Historia (19 October 2016):

Ben Alpers, ‘What Do We Need from Our Professional Societies Today?: An Open Thread,’ US Intellectual History Blog (18 April 2015):

Anonymous, ‘The Longue Durée of The History Manifesto,’ Flickering Landscapes (2 February 2015):

Giuliana Arcidiacono, ‘Di concerto con l’Editor. Note sulla traduzione italiana di The History Manifesto,’ Bollettino della Fondazione “Vito Fazio-Allmayer”, 25, 2 (July-December) 2016: 51-56.

Eric Arnesen, Ramses Delafontaine, Serge Noiret and Quentin Verreycken, ‘The History Manifesto: A Discussion’ Memoria e Ricerca, 51 (January-April 2016): 97-126.

Holly Baker, ‘Blog Post #7: The History Manifesto,’ Holly the Historian (1 March 2016):

Roberto Balzani, ‘Storici, fate grandi domande,’ Il Sole 24 Ore: Domenica (22 February 2015): 25.

Cecilie Felicia Stokholm Banke, Jakob Bek-Thomsen, Claus Møller Jørgensen, Thorkild Kjærgaard, Ulrik Langen, Bertel Nygaard, Helle Porsdam, Casper Sylvest and Mikkel Thorup, ‘The History Manifesto. Et symposium,’ Temp–Tidsskrift for historie, 11 (December 2015): 131-50.

Raffaella Baritono, Paolo Capuzzo, Mario Del Pero, Giovanni Gozzini and Giovanni Orsina, ‘Historians of the World, Unite! Tavola Rotonda su The History Manifesto,’ Ricerche di Storia Politica (8 October 2015):

Cristina Bellon, Arcipelago Milano (18 June 2017):

Judith A. Bennett, Journal of Pacific History, 50, 1 (March 2015): 98-99.

Mary Beth Bensey, ‘The History Manifesto,’ Discovering the Past in New Ways (1 March 2016):

Alfonso Berardinelli, 'Se la vera storia è un'idea di futuro,' Avvenire (31 January 2017):

Giovanni Bernardini, ‘Una storia che serva alla politica (senza esserne serva),’ Mente Politica (13 December 2014):

Virginia Berridge, 'Review: The History Manifesto,' E-International Relations (18 January 2015):

Paul Bertrand, ‘Autour de “History Manifesto”—1. une affaire de “comm”,’ Médiévizmes (15 December 2014):; ‘Autour de “History Manifesto”—2. caricaturer ou catalyser?,’ Médiévizmes (16 December 2014):; Autour de “History Manifesto”—3. Les données sont-elles “le pain de l'historien”?,’ Médiévizmes (17 December 2014):

Brian Bethune, ‘A Manifesto for Historians,’ Maclean’s Magazine, 127, 47 (1 December 2014): 77;

Richard Blakemore, ‘Some Thoughts on The History Manifesto’ (14 October 2014):

Daniel Boomsma, ‘The History Manifesto,’ Liberales (12 March 2015):

Giovanni Borgognone, ‘Dalla «microstoria» allo «specialismo della lunga durata»?,’ Storia del pensiero politico, 5, 1 (2016): 131-34.

Robert Breña, Historia Mexicana, 67, 3 (January-March 2018).

Manuel Burga, 'El regreso de la gran historia,' El Peruano (24 June 2017):

Mike Burke, ‘The History Manifesto,’ History in the Digital Age (1 March 2016):

Natalia Calvo, ‘Manifiesto por la Historia, de Jo Guldi y David Armitage, en Alianza,’ fantasymundo (2 April 2016):

Carlos Campos Acero, ‘Historia. ¿Para qué sirven la historia y los historiadores?,’ La Provincia (25 September 2016):

Bill Caraher, 'Method, the Discipline, and The History Manifesto' (21 October 2014):

Antonio Carioti, 'L'irrepetibile sapienze della storia,' Corriere della Sera (3 January 2017): 36.

Julian Casanova, ‘Los poderes de la historia (y de los historiadores),’ Babelia (El País), 1295 (16 September 2016): 5; Portuguese trans., Rui Bebiano, ‘Os poderes da história (e dos historiadores),’ A Terceira Noite (17 September 2016):

Francesco Cassata and Massimo Moraglio, L'Indice (July-August 2017):

Paul Chan, Dong Hwa Journal of Humanities and Social Science Online (2 October 2014):

Karine Chemla, Liu Dun, Ivan Flis, Stephen Gaukroger, J.L. Heilbron, Noortje Jacobs, Daniel J. Kevles, Jane Maienschein, Naomi Oreskes, Antonella Romano, Thomas Söderqvist, Evina Steinova, Edna Suárez-Díaz and Paul Wouters, ‘Viewpoint: The History Manifesto,’ Isis, 107, 2 (June 2016), with reply: David Armitage and Jo Guldi, ‘Longing for the Longue Durée’.

Chernivtsi University, Faculty of History, Political Science and International Relations, ‘Науковий семінар «Повернення до довготривалої історії»' (3 March 2016):[13833][id]=5607

Paola Cioni, ‘Quanto la scienza fa bene alla storia,’ Corriere della sera (4 December 2015):

Frédéric Clavert, Lectures (31 December 2014):

Clusory Debate, ‘Should Historians Actively Seek to Influence Public Opinion?,’ Clusory (3 February 2015):

Deborah Cohen and Peter Mandler, ‘The History Manifesto: A Critique,’ American Historical Review, 120, 2 (April 2015): 530-42; 'Rejoinder to Armitage & Guldi's Reply':

Sara Collini, ‘Humanities Computing and Big History’ (11 August 2015):

Agustí Colomines, 'Contra el Curt Termini,' Agustí Colomines (19 March 2017):

Thomas Cool, 'The End of The History Manifesto,' Boycott Holland (13 May 2015):

Tom Cutterham, ‘Historians Getting Things Done,’ Oxonian Review, 26, 2 (27 October 2014):

Michele Dantini, 'Basta scienzati naturali e sociali: arbitri della crisi siano gli storici,' Il Manifesto (2 April 2017):

Zachary Davis, ‘Historians of the World Unite!,’ Kanon (14 January 2015):

Ramses Delafontaine, ‘On Academic History’s Future,’ International Network for the Theory of History (1 May 2015):; (abridged) History News Network (3 May 2015):

Pino Marino De Stefano, 'La storia, signori, la storia!,' Agora Vox (31 March 2017):

Tommaso Detti, ‘Historia Magistra Vitae? The History Manifesto e la longue durée,’ Il Mestiere di Storico, 7, 2 (November 2015): 5-18.

Matt Drwenski and Dave Eaton, 'Episode 35: The History Manifesto,' On Top of the World (3 May 2018):

Liu Dun, ‘What Should Humans Learn from History?,’ Nanfang zhoumo [Southern Weekend] (6 July 2017): C28.

Elías Durán de Porras, 'Un "Manifiesto por la Historia" que yerra al pedir compromiso político en la investigación,' El Debate de hoy (15 June 2017):

Dan Edelstein, 'Intellectual History and Digital Humanities,' Modern Intellectual History, 13, 1 (April 2016): 237-46;

Laurence Estival, ‘Management: les cinq tendances 2015,’ L’Express (20 January 2015):

Martin Eve, 'Discussing/Annotating The History Manifesto and the Open Access Effect(?)' (5 November 2014):

James Everest, ‘The Return of the Longue Durée,’ Review 31 (21 January 2015):

Farsalia, 'Manifesto por la historia,' Hislibris (10 February 2017):

Moritz Föllmer, ‘Reviving the longue durée,’ Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis, 128, 3 (2015), 475-76:

Matthew Francis, Nick Funke, David Gange, Chris Hill, Matthew Hilton, Matt Houlbrook, Andrew Jones, Chris Moores, Daisy Payling, Jonathan Reinarz, Laura Sefton, Kate Smith, Silas Webb and Simon Yarrow, 'Responding to The History Manifesto' (November 2014):;

Ken Fuchsman, ‘History and Psychohistory,’ The Journal of Pyschohistory, 43, 4 (Spring 2016): 302-08.

Luis Gabriel Galán Guerrero, ‘¿La historia para qué sirve? Una revisión,’ El Tiempo (25 March 2015):

Gabriel Galvez-Behar, 'La longue durée, arme de l’historien?' (8 December 2014):

I. Gerasimov
, S. Glebov
, A. Kaplunovski, M. Mogilner
 and A. Semyonov, ‘Time, Forward!,’ Ab Imperio, 1/2015: 15-19.

Oscar González, ‘Reseña de Manifiesto por la historia, de Jo Guldi y David Armitage,’ Res Pvblica Restitvta (21 September 2016):

Oscar Gonzålez González, 'La tragedia del corto plazo,' El Siglo de Torréon (26 June 2017):

Mats Granberg, ‘Ny upplysning mot nationalismen,’ Norrköpings Tidningar (10 February 2015):

Antonia Criscenti Grassi, ed., A proposito dell'History Manifesto. Nuove tendenze per la ricerca storico-educativa (Palermo: Fondazione Nazionale "Vito Fazio-Allmayer", 2016).

Brad S. Gregory, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 46, 2 (Autumn 2015): 265-66.

Lúcia Guimarães, ‘A fogueira das humanidades,’ Estadão (2 February 2015):,a-fogueira-das-humanidades-imp-,1628205.

Hu Heng, ‘History Manifesto: Is History Facing Another Turn?,’ Xinjingbao [The Beijing News] (17 June 2017): B07.

Tim Hitchcock, ‘Big Data, Small Data and Meaning,’ Historyonics (9 November 2014):

Tim Hitchcock, ‘Sources, Empathy and Politics in “History from Below”,’ Historyonics (6 July 2015):

Lynn Hunt, ‘Devemos reiniciar a História?,’ Faces da História, 2, 2 (June-December 2015): 191-97.

Peter Carr Jones, ‘On The History Manifesto’ (11 August 2015):

Stefan Jordan, H-Soz-Kult (29 April 2016):

Tahir Kamran, 'Reverting to Longue Durée,' The News on Sunday (2 November 2014):

Sundeep Khanna, Livemint (29 January 2015):

Mark Koyama, 'Review Essay: The History Manifesto,' The Journal of Economic History, 75, 2 (June 2015): 584-87:

Piotr Kuligowski, ''Ile trwa historia? W poszukiwaniu humanistyki krytycznej,’ Praktyka Teoretyczna (2 July 2015):

Danyel Lafear, ‘The History Manifesto,’ What is Digital Humanities? (27 February 2016):

Paul Lay, 'Return of the Narrative,' Literary Review, 425 (October 2014): 1.

Claire Lemercier, ‘La longue durée: une histoire sans histoire?,’ and ‘L'histoire et ses publics: une question d'historiographie ou de modes de diffusion?,’ Devenir historien (1 December 2014):; (4 December 2014):

Tzenis Lialiouti, ‘Ένα Ιστορικό Μανιφέστο,’ Αναγνώσεις (6 May 2016):

Matthew D. Linton, ‘Making History Too Big Too Fail? The History Manifesto and the Return of History as Science’ (4 March 2015):

César Luena, ‘La historia en el centro,’ Temas, 264 (2-9 November 2016).

Duncan Macrae, ‘An Ancient History Manifesto?’ (8 March 2015):

Pablo Marín, '"Un fantasma recorre nuestro tiempo …",' La Tercera (20 December 2014):

Monica Mattioli, '"Manifesto per la storia": verso il futuro rispettando gli obblighi etici,' Corriere del Mezzogiorno (10 April 2017): 11.

Dan McLaughlin, ‘Review: The History Manifesto,’ Dan McLaughlin’s Soapbox (2 January 2016):

Scott McLemee, Inside Higher Ed (17 September 2014):

Cristián Medina Valverde, ‘La historia y su rol en la comprensión del presente,’ El Sur (4 October 2016): 21;

Dino Messina, ‘“The history manifesto”: una riflessione su microstoria e lungo periodo,’ Corriere della Sera (10 February 2015):

Jakob Mikanowski, 'History After Us,' The Chronicle Review (11 December 2016):

Giuliano Milani, 'La lunga durata della storia,' Internazionale (12 March 2017):

Fabio Milazzo, 'La storia smarrita. Su The History Manifesto,' L'Identitá di Clio (28 February 2017):

Neville Morley, 'The Thucydides Manifesto?,' Sphinx (27 January 2015):

Samuel Moyn, ‘Bonfire of the Humanities,’ The Nation, 300, 6 (9 February 2015): 27-32;

Garrett Dash Nelson, 'Taking the Long View,' Edge Effects (20 November 2014):

The New History Lab, 'The History Manifesto' (11 November 2014):

Annalee Newitz, ‘Why History Should Replace Economics in the 21st Century,’ io9 (8 October 2014):

Thomas Noble, ‘Thinking Hard About History, and About Being Human,’ Commonweal (19 November 2015):

Serge Noiret, ‘A “Memoria e Ricerca” roundtable stresses absence of Public History in David Armitage & Jo Guldi’s History Manifesto,’ Digital & Public History (12 February 2016):

Olga Occhichiari, 'Quel Renzi contro tutti bocciato in storia,' Pagina99 (18 February 2017):

João Ohara, ‘The History Manifesto,’ Campo Historiográfico (21 July 2015):

Rebecca Onion, ‘Historians: Go Big or Go Home!,’ The Boston Sunday Globe, Ideas (14 December 2014): K1, K5;

M Harold Page, ‘The History Manifesto and Sweeping Histories,’ Black Gate (20 March 2015):

Joanne Paul, 'Temporality Matters,' The History Vault (16 November 2014):

Knox Peden, ‘What Is to Be Done?,’ Los Angeles Review of Books (18 February 2015):

Yvonne Perkins, 'Review: The History Manifesto,' Stumbling Through the Past (27 November 2014):

Yvonne Perkins, ‘The History Manifesto and Big Data,’ Stumbling Through the Past (14 January 2015):

Scott Pollock, ‘Reading that Changed My View of History: The History Manifesto,’ The History Education Network (22 January 2015):

Anaclet Pons, ‘Manifiesto por la historia (de larga duración),’ Clionauta (17 November 2014):

Anaclet Pons, ‘Carlo Ginzburg y la “longue durée”,’ Clionauta (18 November 2015):

Maria Popova, 'How to Eradicate the Epidemic of Short-Termism and Harness Our Past in Creating a Flourishing Future,' Brain Pickings (16 October 2014):

‘Pseudoerasmus,’ ‘La longue purée’ and ‘Jo Guldi’s Curiouser and Curiouser Footnotes’ (11 November 2014):;

'Pseudoerasmus,’ ‘Errata Dentata: The History Manifesto Revisited’ (13 April 2015):

Ryan Rafaty, ‘Long-termism,’ The King’s Review (28 July 2015):

José Ragas, ‘Manifiesto por la historia,’ Historia Global Online (20 September 2016):

Pedro Ramos Pinto, ‘History Manifested: A Commentary on Continuity, Disruption and the Production of History,’ European Review of History, 22, 5 (November 2015): 835-38.

Joxan Rekondo, 'El valor de la historia,' Noticias de Gipuzkoa (17 December 2016):

Terence Renaud, ‘Historians of the World, Adapt?’ (10 April 2015):

Revista Rancho Las Vocos, 173 (October 2016):

David Reynolds, 'The Return of Big History,' The New Statesman, 5246 (23-30 January 2015): 36-38;

Gabriel Roberts, Notes and Queries, 63, 4 (December 2016): 657-59.

Abdiel Rodríguez Reyes, ‘Historia y cuestión pública,’ Revista Sur (3 October 2016):

Livia Romano, ‘Tra memoria e utopia. Riflessioni sul valore formativo del sapere storico,’ Bollettino della Fondazione “Vito Fazio-Allmayer", 25, 2 (July-December) 2016: 21-50.

Emily Rutherford, 'The History Manifesto and Its Discontents,' JHI Blog (31 December 2014):

Scott Richard St Louis, ‘The Contested Past (and Hopeful Future?) of the Historical Profession,’ USIH Blog (21 June 2015):

Kate Schelks, ‘An Evaluation of the Re-emergence of the Longue Durée and its Implications for the Twenty-First Century,’ Teaching History, 50, 1 (March 2016): 56-61.

Philipp Schnee, ‘Ein Manifest gegen drohende Irrelevanz,’ Deutschlandradio Kultur (7 January 2015):

Álvaro Sevilla Buitrago, ‘La historia de larga duración y su sentido operativo,’ Multipliciudades (14 October 2014):

Rakesh Sharma, ‘Why Big History Changes How We Think About Business and Technology,’ CheatSheet (7 March 2015):

Gianni Silei, ‘Historians of the World, Unite!’ Gianni Silei (4 March 2016):

Zoltán Boldizsár Simon, ‘History Manifested: Making Sense of Unprecedented Change,’ European Review of History, 22, 5 (November 2015): 819-34:

Jan Škvrňák, ‘The History Manifesto,’ Deník Referendum (21 February 2015):

Andrew Smith, ‘The Dangers of Defining Yourself Against Other Disciplines,’ The Past Speaks (4 December 2014):

Michał Starczewski, ‘The History Manifesto: o nieobecości historyków w debacie publicznej,’ Historia i Media (27 November 2014):

Régis F. Stauder, ‘L’open access: une stratégie de communication scientifique payante,’ Blog Lecteurs (Bibliothèque nationale de France) (11 October 2015):

Johann Tempelhoff, ‘Ly samelewing aan geheueverlies?,’ Volksblad (7 April 2015):

John Tosh, Rethinking History, 19, 3 (2015): 396-97;

Paola Tubaro, ‘Big Data and History,’ Data Big and Small (10 October 2015):

William Tullett, ‘Who Should We Write History For?,’ Clio@King's: The History Department Blog (15 March 2015):

Hugh J. Turner, Dîvân: Disiplinlerarası Çalışmalar Dergisi, 20, 2 (2015).

Quentin Verreycken, ‘Quel est le problème de l’History Manifesto?,’ ParenThèses (13 April 2015):

Otto Vervaart, ‘Going the Long Roads: Legal History and The History Manifesto,’ Rechtsgeschiedenis Blog (21 August 2015):

‘Viewpoint: The History Manifesto and the History of Science’ Isis, 107, 2 (June 2016): 309-57.

Glyn Vincent, 'Historians Step Behind the Plate,' The Huffington Post (9 February 2015):

Stephanie Anne Seal Walters, ‘Aggressive Humanist-ing,’ Royal Seal (10 August 2015):

Aaron Weinacht, ‘History as Manifesto,’ Front Porch Republic (23 February 2015):

Cameron White, ‘History Manifesto’ (17 November 2015):

Rowan Williams, 'Books of the Year,' The New Statesman, 5236 (14-20 November 2014): 42;

Łukasz Wróbel, Zapiski Historyczne, 81, 2 (2016): 193-96.

Karin Wulf, 'Version Control: Or, What Does it Mean to "Publish"?,' The Scholarly Kitchen (16 April 2015):

İsmail Yurdadök, ‘Ucuz ve yan etkisi olmayan terapi: Tarih,’ Diriliş Postası (23 May 2015):

ZHANG Miaofeng, ‘<历史学宣言>:历史、大数据和政治》[The History Manifesto: History, Big Data, and Politics],’ Wenhuibao (10 July 2017): B4.

ZHANG Rongjun, ‘历史学缘何重回“长时段”研究 [Why Is History Returning to the Longue Durée?]’ China Social Sciences Weekly (21 January 2016):

ZHANG Xupeng, ‘《长时段的回归与历史学的未来》[The Return of the Longue duree vs the Future of Historical Studies],' Wenhuibao & Wenhui xueren (4 August 2017): B11-12.


Alex Zukas, ‘The History Guild Manifesto,’ H-Socialisms (October 2015);


Interviews, Podcasts and Reports:

Sam Clevenger, ‘Report: The History Manifesto, April 20th, 2015,’ The Corpus (17 July 2015):

Aad Blok, 'Verslag: David Armitage, "Horizons of History: Time, Space and the Future of the Past",' (2 June 2015):

Addie Schulte, ‘Denk weer over de langere termijn,’ Het Parool (16 May 2015): 44-45.

Johann Neem, 'The Publics of History: A Report on the National History Center's Discussion of The History Manifesto,' AHA Today (27 April 2015): Spanish translation, Clionauta (27 May 2015):

Marc Parry, ‘Historians Attack the Data and the Ethics of Colleague’s Manifesto,’ The Chronicle of Higher Education (9 April 2015):; David Armitage and Jo Guldi, 'Article on Book Controversy was Reported and Presented Poorly,' The Chronicle of Higher Education (16 April 2015):

Philipp Schnee, ‘Ein Manifest gegen drohende Irrelevanz,’ Deutschlandradio Kultur (7 January 2015):

Gabrielle M. Williams, 'Professors Make Case for "Long-Term" History,' The Harvard Crimson, 141, 134 (24 November 2014): 5;

'History Manifesto Debate, NUI Galway' (18 November 2014):

'A Roundtable on The History Manifesto: The Role of History and the Humanities in a Digital Age' (Heyman Center for the Humanities, Columbia University, 17 November 2014):

'The Value of History in a Short-Term World' (Central Time, Wisconsin Public Radio, 4 November 2014), interview with Rob Ferrett:

'The History Manifesto' (Free Thinking, BBC Radio 3, 22 October 2014), debate with Rana Mitter, Lucy Delap and Chris Skidmore, MP:

'The History Manifesto' (London School of Economics, 8 October 2014), debate with Paul Kelly and Simon Szreter:

'The Plight of History' (Sunday Morning, Radio New Zealand, 27 July 2014), interview with Wallace Chapman:

'Are Historians Guilty of Short-term Thinking?' (La Vie des Idées, 25 June 2014), interview with Nicolas Delalande:


Samuel Arbesman, 'The Return of History at Long Timescales' (Wired online, 29 January 2014):

Paul Lay, 'Big is Back: The Return of Public History,' History Today (5 March 2014):

Thomas Thiel, ‘Wenn Historiker zu den Sternen greifen,’ Frankfuter Allgemeine Zeitung (15 August 2015):

Last updated on 05/10/2018