Bootstrapping Sound Changes

This paper develops and illustrates the Bootstrapping Sound Changes technique.  With the BSC technique we can compare Historical Probabilities of attested and unattested alternations and perform inferential statistics on the comparison, predict (un)attestedness in a given sample for any alternation, and derive quantitative outputs for a typological framework that models both Channel Bias and Analytical Bias influences together. The BSC technique also identifies several mismatches in typological predictions of the Analytic and Channel Bias approaches. By comparing these mismatches with the observed typology, the paper attempts to quantitatively evaluate the distinct contributions of the two influences on typology.