Preceptor, Harvard College Writing Program
Philosophical Films, fall 2019-spring 2020
How should society be organized? What should individuals do when they disagree with the reigning order? Protest? Revolt? Withdraw? Our class will approach these perennial philosophical questions though a number of recent films. At the beginning of the semester, we will watch Sophie Barthes's Cold Souls, Boots Riley's Sorry to Bother You, and Bong Joon-ho's Snowpiercer, which in very different settings—affluent New York City, the gentrifying Bay area, and a frozen post-apocalyptic world—offer critiques of the stratification of wealth and opportunity between haves and have-nots. As students develop their interpretations of one of these films in their first paper, we will also learn the basic vocabulary of cinematography and editing. Then, in the middle of the semester, we will consider the stories of two individuals who, alienated from society, decide to recede from it, examining their own lives in minute detail instead. In Tom McCarthy's cult-classic novel Remainder and video artist Omer Fast's adaptation of it, a man is pathologically compelled to reenact a (possibly false) memory of a time when he felt authentic; he then begins, very strangely, to reenact moments from other people’s lives. In Charlie Kaufman's film Synecdoche, New York, a playwright self-consciously recreates his life on stage, eventually employing hundreds of actors and filling multiple impossibly large warehouses. In order to think about the nature of adaptation—from text to screen, from life to art—students will compare two of these works, with attention to the differences between them facilitating more nuanced arguments about memory, authenticity, and how we should live. Finally, at the end of the semester, we will read some short theoretical selections about the relationship between philosophy and film, attuning students to larger issues as they write a research paper about a philosophical film or filmmaker of their choice, such as Memento, Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind, Stalker, Claire Denis, Spike Lee, Akira Kurosawa, David Lynch, or Terrence Malick, among many other possibilities.
Existentialism, fall 2017-spring 2019 (two sections each semester)
“Existence precedes essence.” According to Jean-Paul Sartre’s slogan, we are not born with a purpose given to us by god, human nature, or society, but are instead “condemned to freedom,” to create ourselves through the choices we make. In our first unit, we will grapple with the idea that we create our own values, reading Sartre’s lecture “Existentialism Is a Humanism,” and consider a recent philosopher’s attempt to understand what it means to describe life as absurd. Concerned as they were with concrete situations, existentialists also produced a great deal of literature in addition to philosophy. In our second unit, we will think about coming of age, inauthenticity, and the performance of gender and identity in stories by Simone de Beauvoir and David Foster Wallace. Finally, at the end of the course, students will write a research paper about a major existentialist literary text of their choice, examining themes like bad faith, despair, freedom, and authenticity in a classic novel by Sartre, Beauvoir, or Albert Camus, or in a more recent text influenced by that tradition, such as Richard Wright’s Black Boy, Walker Percy’s The Moviegoer, Kobo Abe’s The Face of Another, Tom McCarthy’s Remainder, or Kamel Daoud’s The Meursault Investigation, among other possibilities.
The Narrative Self, fall 2015-spring 2017 (two sections each semester)
“Life must be understood backwards, but lived forwards” the philosopher Kierkegaard wrote. Sartre, in one of his novels, develops the thought: “You have to choose: live or tell.” Both suggest that living one's life and telling the story of it are mutually exclusive. Over the past few decades, many philosophers have disagreed, developing the view that understanding one's life as a story is not only something that most of us do, but allows us to become full persons and to live well. We will begin the course by considering some of these recent views. Are we right to speak of chapters of our lives and authoring our selves? To explain someone's behavior by referring to her character, or alternatively her role? To use literary genres such as tragedy to describe events in real life? What is entailed by such metaphors? Do they withstand careful scrutiny? Do our lives enact typical narrative arcs? Should they? Or do such claims confuse fiction and reality? In the middle part of the course, we will look at two fictional works that investigate similar issues. In Julian Barnes's The Sense of an Ending, the narrator's understanding of his life is upset by revelations concerning his past; the novel explores the fallibility of memory and its relation to material evidence. In the recent Swedish film Force Majeure, a wealthy family's ski vacation is upset when the husband reacts to an avalanche in an apparently cowardly manner, raising questions about character and situation, and what it means to be brave. At the end of the course, we will consider some critics of narrative self-understanding, as well as more specific applications of it. Do empirical studies challenge the idea that we have stable character? Does understanding one's life as a story preclude living in the moment? If lives are like stories, do they have a genre? Students could begin from these or other questions as they develop their own final research topics.
Instructor, Harvard Extension School
Introduction to Philosophy, fall 2017, fall 2018 (w/ online option)
What is happiness? Should we fear death? Does ethics depend on god's existence? Do we have free will? What should we do when we think a law is immoral? This course introduces students to Western philosophy through fundamental questions about how we should live. Beginning with Plato's account of his teacher Socrates' trial and execution for impiety in ancient Athens, we read central historical thinkers such as Aristotle, Augustine, Montaigne, Descartes, Hume, Kant, Thoreau, Nietzsche, Sartre, Beauvoir, and King Jr., as well as a number of influential contemporary philosophers who show why these questions remain pressing today.
Lecturer, Department of Philosophy
Introduction to Ethics, spring 2015
How should we live? How should we act? What duties do we have? Should we try to maximize pleasure? Respect other people’s autonomy and rationality? Embody specific virtues, like courage and generosity? This course will involve the close study of John Stuart Mill’s Utilitarianism, Immanuel Kant’s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, and, more briefly, some contemporary proponents of those thinkers’ views (including Peter Singer and Alasdair MacIntyre). Rather than progressing chronologically, we will work our way backward, examining past theories for relevance to our lives now.
History of Ancient Philosophy, fall 2014 (two sections), spring 2015
This course will involve the close study of Plato’s Euthyphro, Apology, and Republic, and Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, Politics (in part), and Poetics. The last we will read alongside Sophocles’ tragedy Antigone. Taking our lead from these texts, our primary concerns will be Plato’s and Aristotle’s accounts of human nature, ethics, politics, and literature.
Great Philosophers, fall 2014
This course introduces students to Western philosophy through central historical thinkers, beginning in ancient Greece and continuing forward to the twentieth century. We will read works by Plato, Aristotle, Montaigne, Descartes, Rousseau, Kant, Thoreau, Nietzsche, Sartre, De Beauvoir, Fanon, and Martin Luther King Jr. The course is (loosely) organized around one of the most basic of philosophical questions—How should we live?—especially inasmuch as it isn't diverted into the question of what specific duties we each have, the domain of moral philosophy. Our readings will oscillate between questions concerning individuality, contemplation, and solitude on the one side and friendship, society, and tradition on the other.
Instructor, Writing Program
Narrative, the Self, and Authenticity, fall 2012, spring 2013
Teaching Fellow, Department of Philosophy, fall 2008-spring 2010
Course Assistant, Department of Philosophy, 2002-2004
Writing Tutor, Writing Workshop, 2000-2004