A simplified methodology for the prediction of mean air velocity and particle concentration in isolation rooms with downward ventilation systems

Abstract:

Calculating the velocity and particle concentration indoor is critical for isolation rooms design. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is regarded as a powerful tool aiding in the indoor environment design for isolation rooms by enabling us to predict the velocity and particle concentration distribution in detail. However, CFD method is time-consuming and relatively expensive, especially for actual engineering application. So this study proposes a simplified methodology to predict the mean air velocity and particle concentration in the occupied zone of isolation rooms with downward ventilation systems. The methodology is based on a similarity theory analysis, by which the key similarity criteria are deduced. The correlating equation to calculate the mean air velocity and particle concentration in the occupied zone in isolation rooms is established by multiple linear regression (MLR) which is based on the numerical test results obtained by CFD. The equation correlates the mean air velocity and particle concentration with air supply volume rate, indoor particle generating rate, and other parameters. The calculated results agree with those from measurement and CFD simulations for the studied cases, generating a relative error less than 25%. It could offer the engineers a simpler path to calculate the mean air velocity and particle concentration.