Water Treatment and Child Survival in Kenya


We examine the effect of community-wide provision of chlorine solution on child survival in rural Kenya, where a long-term village-wide chlorination randomized evaluation was implemented. The WASH Benefits Kenya trial was a randomized controlled trial of water treatment, sanitation, handwashing, and nutrition interventions in western Kenya. In communities that were randomized to water treatment, chlorine solution dispensers were installed and refilled as needed. After the WASH Benefits Kenya trial ended, the NGO Evidence Action continued to refill most of the dispensers in the treatment villages. We will estimate the intent-to-treat effect of the community-wide provision of chlorine solution on child survival by 1) comparing post-intervention mortality rates between water treatment and control areas; and 2) comparing changes in mortality rates (before and after the intervention) across treatment and control areas (a difference-in-difference analysis). In addition, for the subsample of children who were enrolled in the original WASH Benefits Kenya study, we will examine effects on motor development, emergent language and literacy, emergent math/numeracy, and socio-emotional development.

Last updated on 06/11/2021