Some Publications

Military Malthusianism and the Strategic Partnership in the FX-2 Program

Military Malthusianism and the Strategic Partnership in the FX-2 Program

Jurgen Brauer and Paul Dunne detect in Military Malthusianism a vulnerability in the occurrence of offsets. This vulnerability is perceived from the fact that the unit cost of large arms systems increases faster than government budget revenues. One of the consequences of this fact is the governments’ search for greater economic efficiency through the globalization of the production and acquisition of arms. If on one hand this theory affirms that we will see more and more unconventional conflicts, on the other it justifies the construction of strategic partnerships in the production of weapons systems, such as the Brazil-Sweden Strategic Partnership, under the FX-2 Program. Thus, this article seeks to evaluate the presence of Military Malthusianism in the Brazilian case, the compliance of the Brazil-Sweden Strategic Partnership with the National Defense Strategy (END, in Portuguese), and analyzes the role of this Partnership in the FX-2 Program. Keywords: Military Malthusianism, Strategic Partnership, FX-2 Program, National Defense Strategy. ISSN: 1809-3191. DOI: 10.22491/1809-3191.v24n2.p276-300. Publication Name: Revista da Escola de Guerra Naval. 

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Analysis of Offset Practices in Defense Contracts in Brazil / Análise das Práticas de Offset nos Contratos de Defesa no Brasil

Analysis of Offset Practices in Defense Contracts in Brazil

In this study historical and economic data about the international use of military offset agreements are presented. Then, aspects of the offset policy in defense equipment acquisition in Brazil are analyzed. On such analysis, a systematic model of relations between stakeholders is presented, allowing the establishment of four offset strategies for an Armed Force contractor. It is also drawn a dynamic categorization and prioritization of technologies of interest. In addition, necessary processes for the operation of the offset activities are suggested, specifically in the period prior to the negotiation of offset agreements. Besides, the proposed processes are analyzed under the orientation of a Brazilian Court of Accounts report on the offset activities. The methodology used is a literature review, as well as a mapping of the Brazilian legislation and regulations. In the Conclusion, considerations about the relevance of offsets for the absorption of military and civilian technologies in Brazil are presented, taking into account the guidelines contained in the Brazilian National Defense Strategy. Keywords: Acquisition of defense products; Military offsets; Management processes in the Navy of Brazil; Industrial, technological or commercial offsets; Offsets in the acquisition of dual use technologies. ISSN: 1809-3191. DOI: 10.21544/1809-3191/regn.v22n1p169-196. Publication Name: Revista da Escola de Guerra Naval. 

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Mapping of the Defense Industrial Base of Brazil / Mapeamento da Base Industrial de Defesa do Brasil

Mapping of the Defense Industrial Base of Brazil This is the first mapping of the Defense Industrial Base of Brazil. This work was done by eight of the main scientists of Industrial Development through Defense in Brazil. During more than a year, these scientists mapped, created evaluations and suggested public policies in order to integrate and develop more than 700 companies. The methodology was data analysis and field research. Vitelio Brustolin wrote Chapter 8, on Individual Use Equipment (pages 597-692 and 731-736). Keywords: Brazil, National Security, Industrial development, Military Industrial Complex, Defense procurement. ISBN: 978-85-6132-341-7, Publisher: Government of Brazil (ABDI & IPEA).

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The contribution of universities and industries of the State of Rio de Janeiro in the development of National Defense technologies / A contribuição das universidades e indústrias do Rio de Janeiro no desenvolvimento de tecnologias de Defesa Nacional

 

The contribution of universities and industries of the State of Rio de Janeiro in the development of National Defense technologies This paper argues that technologies have multiple uses, with both civil and military employment. It also demonstrates, through official documents, that Brazil has suffered technological embargoes by foreign nations, making advantageous to produce military devices inside the country. Finally, this study demonstrates that the country has structure to produce locally science and technologies of Defense and that the State of Rio de Janeiro stands out in this context. The methodology used is an analysis of cutouts of the industrial-military history, in addition to legislation, documents and official data. The research is a part of Doctoral Thesis produced at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and at Harvard University (USA), with funding from Capes and Lemann Foundation. Keywords: Multiple-use technology. Generation of science and technology through National Defense. The military-industrial-academic complex in the state of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). DOI: 10.12957/cdf.2015.19713, Publication Name: Cadernos do Desenvolvimento Fluminense.

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Defense Industrial Base: The International Competitiveness of Brazilian Companies of Individual Equipment / Base Industrial de Defesa: A competitividade internacional das empresas brasileiras de equipamentos de uso individual

Defense Industrial Base- The International Competitiveness of Brazilian Companies of Individual Equipment In this article the author formats a concept to define individual equipment, based on the guiding documents of the Armed Forces of Brazil. Then the author analyses the largest enterprises of individual equipment of the World, seeking some market opportunities for Brazilian firms. Next he makes a mapping of Brazilian companies that are working in that field, including its production structure, size, location and innovation capacity. The methodology used is: 1 - analysis of governmental data, 2 - websurvey with entrepreneurs, 3 - personal interview in selected companies, 4 - literature review. In the conclusions are presented possibilities of public policy to contemplate the Defense Industrial Base of Brazil, focusing on companies of individual equipment. Keywords: Brazilian Defense Industrial Base. Individual Equipment. Public Policy for National Defense. Publication Name: Revista da Escola de Guerra Naval. 

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An analysis of Defense Acquisition Practices in the United States and Brazil / Uma Análise das Práticas de Aquisição de Defesa nos EUA e no Brasil

An analysis of Defense Acquisition Practices in the United States and Brazil This study analyzes the practices of acquisition of defense technologies in the United States (U.S.) and Brazil. The objective is to elucidate the processes adopted by both countries in order to produce conclusions to improve the generation of science and technology in Brazil (especially with dual use - civilian and military). Methodology: review of process flowcharts available and related literature. The research was conducted in both countries, with a first analysis produced at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and a second part developed at Harvard University, U.S. (with a full scholarship from Government of Brazil/CAPES and Lemann Foundation). In the conclusions are proposed suggestions for the Brazilian defense. Keywords: Acquisition of defense materials. Production of dual use technologies. Processes and practices of military innovation in the United States and Brazil. Publication Name: Revista Brasileira de Estudos Estratégicos.

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Dimensions and executions of the Defense Budget of Brazil / Dimensões e aplicações do Orçamento de Defesa do Brasil

Dimensions and executions of the Defense Budget of Brazil The aim of this paper is to elucidate the size of resources devoted to the Defense of Brazil. To achieve this purpose are conducted external comparisons – with budgets of other nations; and internal comparisons – taking into account other expenses of that country. The methodology used is budget analysis. In the conclusion is presented the Defense budget execution of Brazil, besides being produced a critical analysis about this execution. Keywords: Defense Budget of Brazil. Military Expenditures. Economics of Defense. DOI: 10.12957/rmi.2014.7574, Publication Name: Mural Internacional. 

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Opening the Black Box: The Challenge of the Transparency of the Military Expenses in Brazil / Abrindo a Caixa Preta: O Desafio da Transparência dos Gastos Militares no Brasil

Opening the Black Box- The Challenge of the Transparency of the Military Expenses in Brazil This work describes the limitations of public transparency of the military expenditures in Brazil and presents the budget of the Ministry of the Defense, divulging information – gotten by research – that never before had been published. The used data enclose mandates of presidents Fernando Henrique Cardoso and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. Key words: budget of Defense of Brazil, accountability of the Brazilian’s Forces, budgetary transparency, budget of the Ministry of the Defense, military expenses of Brazil. Master's Degree Dissertation in Public Policy, Strategy and Development.

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