Alvarenga Peixoto was one of the leaders of one of the earliest attempts in Brazil to achieve political emancipation from Portugal. He was arrested in 1789 and sent to Angola as an exhile in 1792 where he soon died of a tropical disease. Before joining that emancipatory movement, he was a powerful landowner and a former jurist in Minas Gerais, in Brazil. A corrupt bureaucrat with a scandalous sexual life, Alvarenga Peixoto wrote several poems but never published a book during his life. The 40 poems that we now know from his corpus (34 were already published by his former editors, and 6 were found by me during my archival research) are dispersed in public archives in São Paulo, Lisbon, Porto, Coimbra and Evora. This book is a complete edition of his poetic works.