Heart Failure Is Common and Under-Recognized in Patients With Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy/Dysplasia

Citation:

Nisha A. Gilotra, Aditya Bhonsale, Cynthia A. James, Anneline S. J. Te Riele, Brittney Murray, Crystal Tichnell, Abhishek Sawant, Chin Siang Ong, Daniel P. Judge, Stuart D. Russell, Hugh Calkins, and Ryan J. Tedford. 2017. “Heart Failure Is Common and Under-Recognized in Patients With Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy/Dysplasia.” Circulation. Heart failure, 10, 9, Pp. e003819.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) prevalence in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D) varies depending on study cohort and is not well characterized. This study sought to determine prevalence and predictors of HF in ARVC/D. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical HF, defined as at least 1 HF sign or symptom, was retrospectively adjudicated for 289 patients meeting ARVC/D Task Force Criteria. HF was present in 142 patients (49%): 113 had isolated RV involvement and 29 had evidence of LV dysfunction. Average age of HF onset was 40±14 years. Most commonly reported symptoms were exertional dyspnea (78%) and fatigue (73%). Only 40% (n=57/142) had signs of volume overload. Left-sided HF signs were rare. Patients with clinical HF before ARVC/D diagnosis (n=31) were older (P=0.005) and met fewer Task Force Criteria (P=0.013) than those who developed HF after ARVC/D presentation. Female sex (odds ratio, 2.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.21-4.01; P=0.01) and lateral precordial T-wave inversions (odds ratio, 9.87; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-91.1; P=0.043) were associated with increased odds of HF. Additionally, patients with symptomatic LV dysfunction had higher odds of lateral precordial T-wave inversions (odds ratio, 18.4; 95% confidence interval, 2.92-116.18; P=0.002). Patients with HF were more likely to undergo heart transplantation (15/142 versus 1/147; P<0.001) or die during study follow-up period (7 versus 0; P=0.007). CONCLUSIONS: HF symptoms, especially exertional dyspnea, are common in ARVC/D; yet, classic left-sided signs are typically absent and less than half have evidence of volume overload. Given the unique predominately right-sided phenotype, a large portion of patients with HF may be under-recognized.

Notes:

CIRCHEARTFAILURE.116.003819[PII]