Triple Cultures Increase the Diagnostic Sensitivity of Mycobacterial Tuberculosis Empyema

Citation:

Kingsfield Ong, Keerthi Rajapaksha, Chin Siang Ong, Ali Akbar Fazuludeen, and Aneez Dokeu Basheer Ahmed. 2017. “Triple Cultures Increase the Diagnostic Sensitivity of Mycobacterial Tuberculosis Empyema.” Tuberculosis research and treatment, 2017, Pp. 4362804-4362804.

Abstract:

{BACKGROUND: There is a continuous debate on the appropriate diagnostic approach and surgical management of mycobacterial empyema, with widely varied diagnostic practices and surgical outcomes. The aim of this study is to highlight the diagnostic approach and clinical features of patients who required surgical intervention for mycobacterial empyema. METHODS: We performed a 5-year retrospective cohort study of all patients with mycobacterial empyema requiring surgery in a single institution from November 2009 to November 2014. RESULTS: Eighteen patients (15 males and 3 females, median age 48.5 years) required surgery. Seventeen patients required decortication via posterolateral thoracotomy and one patient underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery drainage and pleural debridement. Prolonged air leak was the commonest surgical complication (50%

Notes:

PMC5605862[pmcid]