Functional assays for transcription mechanisms in high-throughput


Chenxi Qiu and Craig D Kaplan. 2019. “Functional assays for transcription mechanisms in high-throughput.” Methods, 159-160, Pp. 115-123.


Dramatic increases in the scale of programmed synthesis of nucleic acid libraries coupled with deep sequencing have powered advances in understanding nucleic acid and protein biology. Biological systems centering on nucleic acids or encoded proteins greatly benefit from such high-throughput studies, given that large DNA variant pools can be synthesized and DNA, or RNA products of transcription, can be easily analyzed by deep sequencing. Here we review the scope of various high-throughput functional assays for studies of nucleic acids and proteins in general, followed by discussion of how these types of study have yielded insights into the RNA Polymerase II (Pol II) active site as an example. We discuss methodological considerations in the design and execution of these experiments that should be valuable to studies in any system.