Publications by Year: 2002

Cutler, David, Jonathan Gruber, Raymond S Hartman, Mary Beth Landrum, Joseph P Newhouse, and Meredith B Rosenthal. 2002. “The Economic Impacts of the Tobacco Settlement.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 21 (1): 1-19.
Knaul, Felicia, Rafael Lozano, Oscar Mendez, and Beatriz Zurita. 2002. “Financial Crisis, Health Outcomes, and Aging: Mexico in the 1980s and 1990s.” Journal of Public Economics 84 (2): 279-303.
Cutler, David, and Jonathan Gruber. 2002. “Once Bitten, Twice Shy: Health Policy in the Clinton Era.” American Economic Policy in the 1990s, edited by Jeffrey A Frankel and Peter R Orszag, 825-899. Cambridge: MIT Press. Website
Cutler, David. 2002. “Public Policy for Health Care.” Handbook of Public Economics, Volume 4 , edited by Alan Auerbach and Martin Feldstein. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Website
Cutler, David. 2002. “Health Care and the Public Sector.” Handbook of Public Economics, edited by Alan Auerbach and Martin Feldstein, 4. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Website
Cutler, David. 2002. “Equality, Efficiency, and Market Fundamentals: The Dynamics of International Medical Care Reform.” Journal of Economic Literature, 881-906.
Cutler, David. 2002. “Competing Goals of Industrial Innovation and Health Policies.” Four Country Conference.
Cutler, David, and Richard Johnson. 2002. “The Birth and Growth of the Social Insurance State”. Abstract

We seek to explain the creation of national Old-Age Insurance (OAI) and Health Insurance schemes, and their subsequent growth. We estimate a hazard model of the ‘risk’ of a country’s creating social insurance. Many theories about the adoption of social insurance exist, but none fits the data well. We find weak evidence that the risk of adopting a system declines in a country’s wealth and in the ethnic heterogeneity of its population. Catholic countries are more likely to create earnings-related OAI systems. We conclude that social insurance can be politically expedient for many different reasons. The growth of OAI spending since 1960, controlling for population ageing, has varied considerably across countries. We find it has been faster in countries emerging from dictatorship, and slower in English-speaking countries. Thus the pension spending is following rather different trajectories across countries.

Cutler, David. 2002. “Behavioral Health Interventions: What Works and Why?” Ethnic Disparities in Aging Health. National Academy of Sciences.