Atwoli, L., Platt, J., Basu, A., Williams, D. R., Stein, D., & Koenen, K. (2016). Association between Lifetime Potentially Traumatic Events and Chronic Physical Conditions in the South African Stress and Health Survey: A Cross-Sectional Study. BMC Psychiatry , 16 (214). south_african_stress_and_health_survey.pdf
Li, S., Stampfer, M. J., Williams, D. R., & VanderWeele, T. J. (2016). Association of Religious Service Attendance With Mortality Among Women. JAMA Internal Medicine , 176 (6), 777-785. religious_service_attendance_with_mortality.pdf
Slopen, N., Lewis, T. T., & Williams, D. R. (2016). Discrimination and sleep: a systematic review. Sleep Medicine , 18, 88-95. discrimination_and_sleep.pdf
Duncan, D. T., Rienti Jr., M., Kulldorff, M., Aldstadt, J., Castro, M. C., Frounfelker, R. L., Williams, J. H., et al. (2016). Local Spatial Clustering in Youths' Use of Tobacco, Alcohol and Marijuana in Boston. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse , 42 (4), 412-21. youths_use_of_tobacco_alcohol_and_marijuana_in_boston.pdf
Evans, C. R., Onnela, J., Williams, D. R., & Subramanian, S. V. (2016). Multiple Contexts and Adolescent Body Mass Index: School, Neighborhoods, and Social Networks. Social Science and Medicine , 162, 21-31. multiple_contexts_and_adolescent_bmi.pdf
Woolford, S., Woolford-Hunt, C., Sami, A., Blake, N., & Williams, D. R. (2016). No Sweat: African American Adolescent Girl’s Opinions of Hairstyle Choices and Physical Activity. BMC Obesity , 3 (31). no_sweat.pdf
Williams, D. R., Mohammed, S. A., & Shields, A. E. (2016). Understanding and Effectively Addressing Breast Cancer in African American Women: Unpacking the Social Context. Cancer , 122 (14), 2138-2149. understanding_and_effectively_addressing_breast_cancer.pdf
Slopen, N., Chen, Y., Priest, N., Albert, M. A., & Williams, D. R. (2016). Emotional and instrumental support during childhood and biological dysregulation in midlife. Preventive Medicine , 84, 90-96. emotional_support.pdf
Slopen, N., Shonkoff, J. P., Albert, M. A., Yoshikawa, H., Stoltz, R., & Williams, D. R. (2016). Racial Disparities in Child Adversity in the United States: Interactions with Family Immigration History and Income. American Journal of Preventive Medicine , 50 (1), 47-56. child_adversity.pdf
Caqueo-Urízar, A., Urzúa, A., Boyer, L., & Williams, D. R. (2016). Religion involvement and quality of life in patients with schizophrenia in Latin-America. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology , 51 (4), 521-28. religion_involvement.pdf
Williams, D. R., Priest, N., & Anderson, N. (2016). Understanding Associations between Race, Socioeconomic Status and Health: Patterns and Prospects. Health Psychology , 35 (4), 407-11. understanding_assocations_race_ses.pdf
Purdie-Vaughns, V., & Williams, D. R. (2015). Stand-Your-Ground is losing ground for racial minorities' health. Social Science & Medicine , 147, 341-3. stand_your_ground.pdf
Toussaint, L. L., & Worthington, E. L. (2015). Forgiveness and health: Scientific evidence and theories relating forgiveness to better health. D. R. Williams (Ed.), . Dordrecht: Springer.
Williams, D. R., & Priest, N. (2015). Racismo e Saúde: um corpus crescente de evidência internacional (Racism and Health: A Growing Body of International Evidence). Sociologias , 17 (40), 124-174. racismo_e_saude.pdf
Salmon, M., Williams, D. R., & Rhee, K. (2015). Refocusing Medical Education Reform: Beyond the How. Academic Medicine , 90 (2), 136-8. refocusing_medical_education_reform_beyond_the.10.pdf
Bailey, Z. D., Okechukwu, C. A., Kawachi, I., & Williams, D. R. (2015). Incarceration and current tobacco smoking in African American and Afro-Caribbean Blacks in the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). American Journal of Public Health , 105 (11), 2275-82.Abstract


We examined the relationship between having a history of incarceration and being a current smoker using a national sample of noninstitutionalized Black adults living in the United States.


With data from the National Survey of American Life collected between February 2001 and March 2003, we calculated individual propensity scores for having a history of incarceration. To examine the relationship between prior incarceration and current smoking status, we ran gender-specific propensity-matched fitted logistic regression models.


A history of incarceration was consistently and independently associated with a higher risk of current tobacco smoking in men and women. Formerly incarcerated Black men had 1.77 times the risk of being a current tobacco smoker than did their counterparts without a history of incarceration (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.20, 2.61) in the propensity score-matched sample. The results were similar among Black women (prevalence ratio = 1.61; 95% CI = 1.00, 2.57).


Mass incarceration likely contributes to the prevalence of smoking among US Blacks. Future research should explore whether the exclusion of institutionalized populations in national statistics obscures Black-White disparities in tobacco smoking

Atwoli, L., Platt, J., Williams, D. R., Stein, D. J., & Koenen, K. C. (2015). Association between witnessing traumatic events and psychopathology in the South African Stress and Health Study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology , 50 (8), 1235-42. 2015w_pdf.pdf
Jackson, C. L., Hu, F. B., Kawachi, I., Williams, D. R., Mukamal, K. J., & Rimm, E. B. (2015). Black-White Differences in the Relationship between Alcohol Drinking Patterns and Mortality among US Men and Women. American Journal of Public Health , 105 (S3), S534-S543. ajph2e20152e302615.pdf
Panapasa, S. V., McNally, J. W., Heeringa, S. G., & Williams, D. R. (2015). Impact of Long-term Obesity on the Health Status of Samoan and Tongan Men in the United States: Results from Pacific Islander Health Study. Ethnicity & Disease , 25 (3), 279-286.Abstract

Objective: To examine the impacts of long-standing obesity (BMIs ≥ 30.0 kg/m2) on health outcomes among Samoan and Tongan men (aged ≥ 18 years) in California using a life course perspective.

Design: Cross-sectional analysis of 103 males from the Pacific Islander Health Study (PIHS), a probability sample modeled after the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS).

Setting: Urban residential neighborhoods in San Mateo and Los Angeles counties using a multistage, cluster sample design.

Main Outcome Measures: BMI, diabetes, hypertension, total cholesterol, smoking, drinking, arthritis, gout and migraines.

Results: Bivariate analysis shows high rates of poor health outcomes distributed throughout the obese and non-obese sam­ple. Logistic analysis finds that being obese does not significantly increase observed negative health outcomes. After controlling for socio-demographic characteristics, the presence of obesity results in non-significant findings for hypertension (OR=1.02; CI: .21, 4.91), and high cholesterol (OR=.52; CI: .10, 2.73), while obesity significantly reduces the risk of diabetes by 60% (OR=.40; CI: .14, 1.17). When applying disease counts, obese men have a signifi­cantly lower risk of reporting multiple health conditions (OR=.72; CI: .52, 1.00).

Conclusion: Overall, the health of Samoan and Tongan males in California is uniformly poor and obesity alone does not significant­ly increase risks of poor health outcomes. Using a life course perspective, the analysis offers new insights on the basic health of this understudied population.

Williams, D. R. (2015). Minority Men's Health: Preface. Ethnicity & Disease , 25 (3), 237-239.