When Hurricane Sandy hit the New York and New Jersey coasts in October 2012, the region was immobilized for days. Although Sandy’s status was reduced from a Category 3 hurricane at its peak to a Category 2 hurricane when it arrived at the northeast coast—and subsequently reduced to a tropical storm when it made landfall near Atlantic City on October 29th—Sandy’s impact on the United States was monumental and unprecedented. In New York City and its surrounds, the storm disrupted power supplies to millions of residents and businesses. Official statistics show that at least 233 people were killed along the path of the storm, and several hundred thousand homes were destroyed. What was colloquially called “Superstorm Sandy” was soon identified as the deadliest and most destructive storm of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season, inflicting nearly $70 billion (2012 USD) in damage. Because both the environmental devastation and property loss were enormous, Hurricane Sandy produced impassioned calls for action. The ways public authorities responded to this disaster soon became as significant as the storm itself.