# Publications by Year: 2011

2011
Tingley, D. (2011). Neurological Imaging and the Evaluation of Competing Theories. In Biology and Politics: The Cutting Edge . Emerald Group.
Tingley, D. (2011). Neurological Imaging and the Evaluation of Competing Theories. In A. Somit & S. Peterson (Ed.), Biology and Politics: The Cutting Edge . Emerald Group.
Hicks, R., & Tingley, D. (2011). Causal Mediation Analysis. Stata Journal , 11 (4), 609-615.
Imai, K., Keele, L., Tingley, D., & Yamamoto, T. (2011). Unpacking the Black Box: Learning about Causal Mechanisms from Experimental and Observational Studies. American Political Science Review , 105 (4), 765-789.
Tingley, D., & Walter, B. (2011). Can Cheap Talk Deter? An Experimental Analysis. Journal of Conflict Resolution , 55 (6), 994-1018.
Tingley, D., & Walter, B. (2011). Reputation Building in International Relations: An Experimental Approach. International Organization , 65, 343-365.Abstract
What effect does repeated play have on reputation building? The literature on international relations remains divided on whether, when, and how reputation matters in both interstate and intrastate conflict. We examine reputation building through a series of incentivized laboratory experiments. Using comparative statics from a repeated entry-deterrence game, we isolate how incentives for reputation building should change as the number of entrants changes. We find that subjects in our experiments generally build reputations and that those investments pay off, but we also find that some subjects did not react to incentives to build reputation in ways our model had predicted. In order to explain this, we focus on the heterogeneity of preferences and cognitive abilities that may exist in any population. Our research suggests that rational-choice scholars of international relations and those using more psychologically based explanations have more common ground than previously articulated.
Tingley, D. (2011). The Dark Side of the Future: An Experimental Test of Commitment Problems in Bargaining. International Studies Quarterly , 55, 521-544.Abstract
While most existing theoretical and experimental literatures focus on how a high probability of repeated play can lead to more socially efficient outcomes (for instance, using the result that cooperation is possible in a repeated prisoner's dilemma), this paper focuses on the detrimental effects of repeated play--the Dark Side of the Future". I study a resource division model with repeated interaction and changes in bargaining strength. The model predicts a negative relationship between the likelihood of repeated interaction and social efficiency. This is because the longer shadow of the future exacerbates commitment problems created by changes in bargaining strength. I test and find support for the model using incentivized laboratory experiments. Increases in the likelihood of repeated play leads to more socially inefficient outcomes in the laboratory.
Milner, H., & Tingley, D. (2011). Who Supports Global Economic Engagement? The Sources of Preferences in American Foreign Economic Policy. International Organization , 65 (Winter), pp 37–68.