(For Full Publication List, See CV)

1. Historical Democratization 

*Working Paper, "Capital Meets Democracy: Representative Institutions, Sovereign Debt Risk, and the Rise of Mass Suffrage" (with Aditya Dasgupta), 2018 (Presented at Yale University)

How compatible is mass democracy with financial capitalism? We examine this classic question through the reaction of sovereign bond markets to the rise of mass suffrage in Europe and the Americas during the nineteenth century, which represented both the “first wave of democracy” and “age of capital”. 

*Working Paper, "Electoral Fraud and Support for Anti-System Parties: Voting in Imperial and Weimar Germany" (with Volha Charnysh), Presented Columbia University, 2019

How do authoritarian election practices affect political outcomes after a democratic transition? We analyze an original district-level dataset on electoral disputes in German elections (1871-1933) finding that  pro-regime parties' reliance on electoral manipulation in the pre 1914  imperial period predicts electoral losses by their successor parties after 1918 democratization  and find greater support for the Nazi party in constituencies that experienced more manipulated elections in the authoritarian period. 

2019. "Introducing the Historical Varieties of Democracy Dataset: Political Institutions in the Long Nineteenth Century" Journal of Peace Research 56 (3) (with Carl Henrik Knutsen, Jan Teorell, Tore Wig, Agnes Cornell, John Gerring, et al).

2015 "How did Britain Democratize? A View from the Sovereign Debt Market” (with Aditya Dasgupta), Journal of Economic History 75 (1) March: 1-29.[lead article] [replication data]

2013. Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe One Hundred Years On(with G. Ekiert) East European Politics and Society 27:1 (February 2013), 90-107.

2011  "An Institutional Theory of Direct and Indirect Rule" (with John Gerring et al.) World Politics 63 (3): 377-433. [replication data]

2010. "The Historical Turn in Democratization Studies" (with Giovanni Capoccia) Comparative Political Studies 43 (8-9): 931-968

2009.  "Shaping Democratic Practice and the Causes of Electoral Fraud" American Political Science Review 103 (1): 1-21. [replication data]

2008. "Does Landholding Inequality Block Democratization? The "Bread and Democracy" Thesis and the Case of Prussia World Politics 60 (4): 610-641. [replication data]

2008. “Why Some Cities Provide More Public Goods Than Others: A Subnational Comparison of German Cities in 1912” Studies in Comparative International Development 43 (3/4): 273-289

2006.  "How Did Europe Democratize?" World Politics 58 (2): 311-338

2004.  "Rethinking the Origins of Federalism" World Politics 57 (1): 70

2. Contemporary European Politics (and Democratization)

*Working Paper, "Parochialism and German Radical Right Vote" (with Daniel Bischof and Hanno Hilbig), Presented, Harvard University (2019) and Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (2019)

What are the cultural roots of radical right voting?  We propose and test whether strong parochial social networks--marked by high levels of cultural (e.g. linguistic) distance from the dominant national political community--affects voting for the radical right in Germany.  We approximate the strength of parochial social networks by relying on linguistic micro-data from a unique dialectic survey conducted in the 19th century in 45,000 German schools. Using voting results on the district level we then predict voting for the Alternative für Deutschland in 2013 and 2017 and the Nazi party in 7 elections.

* Working Paper, "Conditional Democrats?  Opportunistic Institutional Preferences and Evidence from a Survey Experiment in Turkey" (with Aytug Sasmaz and Alper Yagci), Prepaped for Midwestern Political Science Association, Chicago, Ill, 2019.

Do voters change their preferences about the basic democratic "rules of the game" based merely on who might win executive power?   We study this issue in the context of 2018 Turkey which recently conducted its first presidential elections after the referendum for the transition to superpresidentialism with a priming experiment administered to a representative sample (N=2018) of Istanbul’s voting age population. 

2019. "Center-Right Political Parties in Advanced Democracies" (with Noam Gidron), Annual the Review of Political Science 22: 17-35

2018. "How do voters perceive changes to the rules of the game? Evidence from the 2014 Hungarian elections" (with John Ahlquist, Nahomi Ichino, and Jason Wittenberg) Journal of Comparative Economics

2006. “Honecker's Revenge: The Enduring Legacy of German Unification in the 2005 Election" (With Jeffrey Kopstein) German Politics and Society 24 (1): 134-147.

2002. “Recasting German Federalism? The New Politics of Fiscal Decentralization in Post-Unification Germany” Politische Vierteljahresschrift 43 (4): 624-652.

1998. “The Adaptation of Ex-Communist Parties to Post-Communist East Central Europe: A Comparative Study of the Hungarian and East German Ex-Communist Parties,” Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 31 (2): 119-137.

1998. “Putting Humpty Dumpty Back Together Again: Communism’s Collapse and the Reconstruction of the East German Ex-Communist Party” German Politics and Society 16 (1): 1-29.


3. Historical Methods

2013. The Enduring Indispensability of the Controlled Comparison (with Dan Slater) Comparative Political Studies 46:10 (October 2013), 1301-1327.

2013. "Why Do we Still Read Barrington More? Some Reflections on the Survival of an Intellectual Icon" Comparative Democratization Newsletter, APSA 11 (1)

2009. “Gli Usi Della Storia in Politica Comparata” [‘The Uses of History in Comparative Politics: Why No Federalism in Italy’] Quaderni di Scienza Politica 16 (3): 433-445.

2006. "Of Course General, But How? Returning to Middle Range Theory in Comparative Politics" APSA-CD 17 (2)