Eaton Professor of the Science of Government, Harvard University, 2018-
Professor of Government, Department of Government, Harvard University, 2011-2018
Interim Director, Minda De Gunzburg Center for European Studies, Harvard University, 2014
Paul Sack Associate Professor of Political Economy, Department of Government, Harvard University, 2009-2010
Associate Professor of Government and Social Studies, Department of Government, Harvard University, 2007-2009
Assistant Professor of Government and Social Studies, Department of Government, Harvard University, 2003-2007
University of California, Berkeley, PhD, Department of Political Science, 2003
Pomona College, Claremont, CA, Bachelor of Arts, Double Major: German Studies and Politics, Magna Cum Laude, May 1995
2018. Woodrow Wilson Award, Best book published in the United States on government, politics or international affairs, American Political Science Association (for Conservative Parties and the Birth of Democracy)
2018. Barrington Moore Prize, American Sociological Association, Best Book Award, Comparative and Historical Sociology Section (for Conservative Parties and the Birth of Democracy)
2018. Comparative Democratization Book Prize, Comparative Democratization Section, American Political Science Association, Best Book Award, (for Conservative Parties and the Birth of Democracy)
2018. European Politics and Society Book Prize, European Politics and Society Section, American Political Science Association, Best Book Award (for Conservative Parties and the Birth of Democracy)
2011. Mary Parker Follett Prize, Best Paper Published in 2010. Politics and History Section of APSA [For Co-authored Paper: “The Historical Turn in Democratization Studies”]
2010. Comparative Democratization Section Prize Best Paper Published in 2009. Comparative Democratization Section of American Political Science Association (APSA) [For Paper: “Shaping Democratic Practice and the Causes of Electoral Fraud”]
2010. Comparative Democratization Prize, Best Paper presented at the APSA Annual Meeting on Democratization, Comparative Democratization Section of American Political Science Association, [For Paper: “The Historical Turn in Democratization Studies”]
2009. Co-Winner of Gregory Luebbert Prize, Best Paper published in Comparative Politics in 2008, Comparative Politics Section of American Political Science Association [For Paper: “Does Landholding Inequality Block Democratization?”]
2008. Sage Best Paper Prize, Best Paper Presented in Comparative Politics, Comparative Politics Section at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association [For Paper: “Rural Inequality and Electoral Authoritarianism”]
2007. Co-Winner, Best Book on European Politics Prize Published in 2006, Presented by the Organized Section on European Politics and Society Section of the American Political Science Association
2004. Gabriel Almond Award for Best Dissertation in Comparative Politics American Political Science Association
2003. Ernst Haas Award for Best Dissertation in European Politics, American Political Science Association
2018. How Democracies Die (with Steve Levitsky) (New York: Crown/Penguin Random House).
*New York Times Best Seller/Newsweek 50 Best book of the Year/New York Times’ editor’s choice/Translated into 15 languages
2017. Conservative Parties and the Birth of Democracy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
*Four Prizes (see above): American Sociological Association & American Political Science Association (2018)
2006. Structuring the State: The Formation of Italy and Germany and the Puzzle of Federalism (Princeton: Princeton University Press) [Paperback Edition, 2008]
*Best Book Prize, European Politics and Society Section, APSA (2007)
2017. “The Causes and Consequences of the Secret Ballot,” Comparative Political Studies (Guest Co-editor with Jan Teorell)
2010. “The Historical Turn in Democratization Studies.” Special issue of Comparative Political Studies (Guest Co-editor with Giovanni Capoccia), August/September Double Issue.
Refereed Journal Articles
2018. “How do Voters Perceive Changes to the Rules of the Game? Evidence from the 2014 Hungarian elections” (with John Ahlquist, Nahomi Ichino, and Jason Wittenberg), Journal of Comparative Economics.
2017. “The Causes and Consequences of the Secret Ballot”(with Jan Teorell and Fabrice Lehoucq), Comparative Political Studies
2015. “How did Britain Democratize: Views from the Sovereign Bond Market” (with Aditya Dasgupta) Journal of Economic History 75 (1): 1-29.
2013. “The Enduring Indispensability of the Controlled Comparison” (with Dan Slater) Comparative PoliticalStudies 46 (10): 1301-1327
2013. “Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe One Hundred Years On” (with Grzegorz Ekiert) East European Politics and Society 27 (1): 90-127
2011 “An Institutional Theory of Direct and Indirect Rule” (with John Gerring et al.) World Politics 63 (3): 77-433.
2010. “The Historical Turn in Democratization Studies: a New Research Agenda for Europe and beyond” (with Giovanni Capoccia) Comparative Political Studies 43 (8-9): 931-968
2009. “Shaping Democratic Practice and the Causes of Electoral Fraud: The Case of Nineteenth Century Germany” American Political Science Review 103 (1): 1-21.
2009. “Gli Usa della storia in politica comparata” [“The Uses of History in Comparative Politics”] Quaderni di scienza politica 3
2008. “Does Landholding Inequality Block Democratization? A Test of the ‘Bread and Democracy’ Thesis and the Case of Prussia” World Politics, 60 (3): 610-641.
2008. “Why Some Cities Provide More Public Goods Than Others: A Subnational Comparison of German Cities in 1912” Studies in Comparative International Development 43 (3/4): Fall/Winter.
2008. “A More Efficient and Accountable Polity? An Analysis of the Consequences of Germany’s 2006 Constitutional Reform” (with Philip Manow and Simone Burkhart) German Politics 17 (4) November.
2006. “How Did Europe Democratize?” World Politics 58 (2): 311-338.
2006. “Il Perché dell’Assenza di Federalismo in Italia: Una Prospettiva Storica Comparata” (“Why is there no Federalism in Italy? A Comparative Historical Perspective”) Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica, n 2 (August).
2006. “Does Decentralization Make Government More Efficient and Effective?” (With Conor O’Dwyer) Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics 44 (3).
2006. “Honecker's Revenge: The Enduring Legacy of German Unification in the 2005 Election" (With Jeffrey Kopstein) German Politics and Society 24 (1).
[Also published in Eric Langenbacher (ed.), Launching the Grand Coalition: The 2005 Bundestag Elections and the Future of German Politics (London: Berghahn Books, 2006]
2004. “Rethinking Federalism’s Origins: Puzzle, Theory, and Evidence from Nineteenth Century Europe” World Politics 57 (October): 70-98.
2002. “Recasting German Federalism? The New Politics of Fiscal Decentralization in Post-Unification Germany” Politische Vierteljahresschrift 43: 4 (December).
1998. “The Adaptation of Ex-Communist Parties to Post-Communist East Central Europe: A Comparative Study of the Hungarian and East German Ex-Communist Parties,” Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 31: 2 (June).
1998. “Putting Humpty Dumpty Back Together Again: Communism’s Collapse and the Reconstruction of the East German Ex-Communist Party” German Politics and Society 16: 1 (Spring).
Book Chapters and Book Reviews
2018. “The Power and Limits of Federalism (with Emilia Simison) in Claude Menard and Mary Shirley (eds), A Research Agenda for New Institutional Economics (Edward Elger Publishers).
2018. “Reluctant Democrats: Old Regime Conservative Parties in Democracy’s First Wave in Europe” in James Loxton and Scott Mainwaring (eds.) Life After Dictatorship (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
2015. “The Composite Nature of Modern Statehood” (with Philip Manow) in Oxford Handbook ofTransformations of the State (edited by Stephan Liebfried et al), Oxford University Press
2013. "The European Union Between Federalism and Centralization: State-Building Lessons from the Nineteenth Century" in Peterson and Nadler (eds). The Global Debt Crisis: Haunting U.S. and European Union Federalism (Brookings Institution Press)
2013. Why Do We Still Read Barrington Moore? Reflections on the Survival of an Intellectual Icon” APSA-CD: Comparative Democratization Newsletter
2006. “Of Course Generalize, But How? Returning to Middle Range Theory in Comparative Politics” (Forum on Middle Range Theory) American Political Science Association-Comparative Politics Newsletter, Vol. 17, No. 2.
2006. “Angie! Angie! The Transformation of German Politics After Merkel’s Election” in Aus(sen)sichten der DAAD-Wahlbeobachter im September 2005" (Berlin: German Academic Exchange Service).
2002. “Doomed to be Radicals? Organization, Ideology, and Communist Successor Parties in Post-Communist East Central Europe” (with Nick Biziouras) in Andras Bozoki and John Ishiyama (eds.) The Communist Successor Parties in Central and EasternEurope (New York: ME Sharpe, Inc).
2001. “Aussenpolitik Albaniens” (with Grigore Pop-Eleches) in Juergen Bellers/Thorsten Benner/Ines Miriam Gerke (eds) Handbuch der Aussenpolitik (Muenchen: Oldenbourg.
1999. “The Ideological Metamorphsis of Former Communist Parties: Lessons from East Central Europe” in John Ishiyama (ed.) Communist Successor Parties in Comparative Perspective (New York: Nova Press).
[Based on the Communist and Postcommunist Studies journal article from above]
2006. Herbert Obinger et al. (eds) Federalism and the Welfare State in Perspectives on Politics, Volume 4).
2006. Kathleen O’Neill, Decentralizing the State: Elections, Parties, and Local Power in the Andes. In Perspectives on Politics, Volume 4.
2005. Jonathan Rodden and Gunnar Eskeland (eds), Fiscal Decentralization and the Challenge of Hard Budget Constraints. In Governance, v. 18 n 3 (2005).
1998. Charles Maier, Dissolution: The Crisis of Communism and the End of East Germany. In APSA-Comparative Politics Section Newsletter (1998), American Political Science Association, Washington DC.
1998. Gero Neugebauer and Richard Stoess, Die PDS. Geschichte, Organisation, Waehler, Konkurrenten, Opladen: Leske und Budrich in German Politics and Society 15: 2 (1998).
Papers in Progress
“Capital Meets Democracy: The Rise of Representative Institutions, Suffrage Expansion, and Sovereign Bond Markets” (with Aditya Dasgupta)
“Electoral Misconduct and Democratic Stability: Voting in Imperial and Weimar Germany” (with Volha Charnysh)
2014-Present, “History and Politics,” Annual Phd student conference, co-organized with Carles Boix, Isabela Mares, David Stasavage, and Steven Wilkinson.
2013. “The Causes and Consequences of Electoral Fraud” (Workshop co-organized with Jan Teorell, Lund University, Sweden), Held at Harvard University
2013. “Crisis of Westminster Systems?” (Workshop co-organized with Arthur Spirling), Harvard University
2010-2013, “History, Institutions, and Politics Worshop” (co-organized with Dan Carpenter, Peter Hall, Theda Skocpol, and Kathleen Thelen), Harvard University.
2010. The Origins of Democratic Institutions in Europe (co-organized with Jonathan Rodden, Stanford University and Carles Boix, Princeton University), held at Stanford University, January, 2010.
2008. “The Challenges and Dilemmas of Democratization: Lessons from Europe” Center for European Studies, Harvard University (co-organized with Prof. Giovanni Capoccia, Oxford University), in Preparation for Special Issue of Journal, October 3-4, 2008.
2008. “Graduate Student Retreat” Society for Comparative Research, Harvard University (co-organized with Professor Philip Gorski, Yale University), May, 2008.
2008 “New Frontiers in Comparative Politics: External Speaker Series,” Harvard University (co-organized with Professor Peter Hall and Kathleen Thelen), September 2008-Present.
2018. The Donald S. Bernstein Lecture, Princeton University (April); Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (January); Brooklyn Historical Society (January); University of Lisbon, Portugal (February); Pennsylvania State University, McCourtney Institute (March); Ash Institute, Harvard (March); Brookings Institution (April); Edward Kennedy Institute (May 2018), Yale University (May), Johns Hopkins University, Political Science (May), Harvard Law School (May), Bavarian History Institute, Germany (June).
2017. University of California, Irvine, Harry Eckstein Memorial Lecture (March); Georgetown University, University of Florida (Spring); Yale University (Spring/Fall);
2016. University of Toronto, (April 22); Brandeis University (April 17); Institute of Political Economy and Governance (Barcelona, Spain, March 15); State and Capitalism Since 1800 Seminar (Harvard University, April 8)
2015: Center for Advanced Studies, University of Munich, (June 11); University of Michigan (May); University of Notre Dame (March) University of Arizona State University (March)
2014. Sciences Po, Max Po, Sciences Po, Paris, France (June); University of British Columbia, Department of Political Science, Vancouver, Canada (April).
2013. Aarhus University, Department of Political Science, Aarhus, Denmark (June); Lund University, Department of Political Science, Lund, Sweden (June); Cambridge University Press, Comparative Politics Series, Book Workshop, U Washington; Stanford University Comparative Politics Workshop, Department of Political Science; Juan March Institute, (Instituto Juan March de Estudios e Investigaciones) Madrid Spain; Joint Degree Program in Social Science and Social Policy, Princeton University; University of California, Berkeley, Comparative Politics Workshop; Center for Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law, Stanford University
2012. Severyns-Ravenholt Lecture, University of Washington, (November); Yale University, Comparative Politics Workshop, Department of Political Science
2011. George Washington University, Department of Political Science; Partito Democratico, Rome Italy,
2010. The Historical Turn in Democratization Studies, Oxford University; “Three Lectures” École Normale Supérieure, Paris, France, (May); Department of Politics, New York University, New York (March)
2009. Watson Institute Brown University, Providence, RI, (October); Oxford University, Nuffield College, United Kingdom, (February).
2008. Princeton University, Department of Politics, November 20, 2008; Stanford University, Department of Political Science, November 4, 2008; Institute of Quantitative Social Science, Pennsylvania State University, State College, May 2008; Department of Political Science, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, May 2008; Department of Government, Smith College, April 2008; Department of Political Science, Tufts University, March; Department of Political Science, University of Florida, February 2008
2007. Department of Political Science, St Gallen University, St. Gallen, Switzerland, November 2007’ Department of Political Science, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany, October; Collegio Carlo Alberto, Turin, Italy, March; Department of Social Science, University of Milan, Milan Italy, March; Department of Political Science, Columbia University, January
2006. Department of Political Science, Duke University, November; Institute for European Studies, University of Toronto, Canada, November; University of Pennsylvania, October; Duitsland Institut, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands, May; Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Cologne, Germany; European Union Center, Scripps College, Claremont CA, March; Department of Political Science, McGill University, Montreal, Canada, October.
Before 2006. Yale University, Comparative Politics Workshop, New Haven, January 2005; George Washington University, Elliot School of International Affairs, November 2004 Center for European Studies, Brigham Young University, October 2004.
CO-PI, Grant for Disentangling the Economic Effects of Political Institutions (with Jan Teorell, Svend-Erik Skaaning, John Gerring, and Agnes Cornell, and Carl-Henrik Knutsen), Swedish Research Council (6 Million Swedish Kroner), Grant to Harvard University: $95,000 (2015-2018).
Challenges to Democracy, Weatherhead ClusterGrant, Harvard University, (with Steven Levitsky), Three-year grant to support undergraduate/graduate training and research ($150,000)
PI, Weatherhead Grant for the Study of Russian and German Electoral History, Weatherhead Center, 2014: $25,000
ADDITIONAL ACADEMIC HONORS AND FELLOWSHIPS
Visiting Professor of History, Bavarian Institute of History, University of Munich, Summer 2018.
Fernand Braudel Senior Visiting Fellow, European University Institute (Summer 2017)
Suzanne Young Murray Fellow, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, July 2015-June 2016.
Visiting Professor, Center for Advanced Study, University of Munich, June 2015
Professeur Invite, Sciences Po (Max Po), Paris, France, May 2014.
Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, 2012-2013.
Professeur Invité, École Normale Supérieure, Paris, France, May 2010.
Graduate Seminar in General Education Grant, Harvard University. Grant for design and development of new General Education Course (to be Taught, Fall 2011) at Harvard University on “Political Corruption.” (with Professor Jim Alt), April 2010.
Stiftung Deutsch-Amerikanische Wissenschaftsbeziehungen, Grant Towards the Etablishment of an International Study Group Project Title: “Democracy and Democratization in Europe” (With Giovanni Capoccia, Oxford University) (EUR 5,000)
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Research Grant, Three Year Research Fellowship, December 2005-Present (EUR, 27,000): Invited Researcher Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Cologne Germany (2006) and in the Department of Political Science, Konstanz University, Konstanz, Germany (Hosted by Professor Philip Manow)
Smith Richard Foundation, Junior Faculty Research Grant, “Securing Democracy: Between Reform and Concession and the Lessons of Democratization in Nineteenth Century Europe,” October 2005 ($60,000).
DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) Election Observer Trip (German Federal Elections, DAAD Wahlbeobachterreise), September 8-19, 2005 (Selected as single American as part of an international group of eighteen political scientists and historians)
Provost's Instructional Technology Content Fund, Harvard University, for the Creation of Research Web-pages for Undergraduate Education on the European Union ($3,000), January 2005.
Clarke Cook Fellowship, Harvard University, September 2003-May 2005.
National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship. Full financial support of graduate education (Tuition, books living expenses, travel, language training, methodology training) 1997-1998, 1998-1999, 2000-2001
Social Science Research Council. Berlin Program for Advanced German and European Studies, Dissertation Research Fellowship, Milan, Italy and Berlin, Germany, September 1999-August 2000.
Center for German and European Studies. UC Berkeley, Pre-Dissertation Summer Fellowship, Summer 1999.
Nominated for Westview Press Price. Best Graduate Student Paper, Midwest Political Science Association Convention, April 1998.
Fulbright/DAAD Fellowship. Post-Baccalaureate Program, Berlin, Germany. Fall 1995-Summer 1996.
Pomona College Scholar. Highest Academic Award Granted to an Undergraduate, 1990-1995.
Phi Beta Kappa and Magna Cum Laude, Pomona College, May 1995.
John Vieg Award in Politics. Awarded to the Top Graduating Student in the Department of Politics, Claremont, CA, May 1995.
Yale B. Griffith Award in Modern Language. Summer Research Grant, Berlin Germany, May-August, 1994.
Edward Sait Prize in Politics. Awarded to the Top First-year Student in the Department of Politics, Claremont, CA, May 1992.
CONFERENCES AND PANELS
Annual APSA Meeting, Discussant, Presentation and Chair, 2009-Present
Annual Conference of European Studies, Discussant and Paper Presentation, 2009-Present
2008. “The Causes of Electoral Fraud” Paper Presentation (and Panel Organization) Social Science History Association Annual Meeting, October 2008, Miami, Florida.
2008, “Rural Inequality and Electoral Authoritarianism” (Paper Presentation,), Discussant for Panel on Clientelism and Panel on “Legacies in Comparative Politics” American Political Science Association Association Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, September 2008
2008, “The Causes of Electoral Fraud, Midwestern Political Science Association, Chicago, Ill. April 2008
2008, “Ungoverned Spaces” Panel Discussant, International Studies Association, San Francisco, CA, March 2008
2008, “The Causes of Electoral Fraud” Conference of Europeanists, Council for European Studies, Conference, Chicago, Ill. (March 2008)
2007, “Why Some Cities Provide More Public Goods Than Others,” “Rural Inequality and Electoral Authoritarianism” and “Revisiting the Qualitative Classics” Roundtable, American Political Science Association, Annual Meeting, August 2007, Chicago, Ill.
2006. “Comparative Historical Analysis and German Politics,” German Studies Association, Pittsburgh, PA, September 30, 2006.
2006. Discussant, “Religion and the Welfare State, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Cologne, Germany, April 2006
2006. “Comparative Historical Approaches to the Study of State-Building and Regimes” Conference of Europeanists, Council of European Studies, Chicago Ill., March 2006
2005. “The Federal-Unitary Divide in Europe” Panel, American Political Science Association, Washington DC, August 2005
2005. “The Shadow of the European Union: Party Politics and State Capacity in Southern and Eastern Europe Compared” European Union Studies Association, Austin, TX, March 2005
2005. (with Conor O’Dwyer), “Does Decentralization Make Government More Efficient?” Midwestern Political Science Association, Chicago Ill. April 2005.
2004. Discussant and Chair, Panel: “Notions of Legitimacy in Law, Politics, and the Use of Force,” March International Studies Association, Montreal, March 2004
2004. Discussant and Chair, Panel: “Geo-politics, Territoriality and Space in the EU” Conference of Europeanists, Chicago, Ill. March 2004
2003. “Rethinking Federalism’s Origins: Strategic State-Building and the Making of Multitiered Political Systems” European Consortium for Political Research, Marburg, Germany, September 18-21, 2003.
2003. “Does Decentralization Make Government More Efficient and Effective?” Annual meeting, American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, August 28-30, 2003.
2002. “Rethinking How Federal Polities Are Constructed: Lessons from the 19th Century for European Union Integration,” Annual Meeting, American Political Science Association, August 28-31, 2002 Boston, Massachusetts
2002. “Recasting German Federalism: The New Politics of Fiscal Decentralization in Post-Unification Germany,” Council on European Studies, April 2002, Chicago Ill.
2001. “Just How Powerful Are Ideas? The Failed Push for Fiscal Decentralization and the Persistence of Germany’s Federal System,” Panel: The Politics of Decentralization, Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, CA., August 30-September 2001.
2001. “How Culture Matters: The Role of Culture in Contemporary Social Change in Germany, Institute of European Studies, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley CA, April 19-April 21, 2001.
2000. “Regionalismus, Föderalismus, und Institutionelle Wandlung in Deutschland waehrend der 90er Jahre,” Berlin Program for Advanced German and European Studies, Berlin, Germany, June 7, 2000.
1998. “Still a Divided Electorate? Explaining the East German Vote in the 1998 Federal Elections” Berkeley-Stanford Program for Post-Soviet Studies, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, October 27, 1998.
1998. “Postmortem on the German Elections: Roundtable Discussion on Germany’s Political Future,” Center for German and European Studies, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, September 28, 1998.
1998. “How the Former Communist Parties Transformed Themselves into Electoral Parties,” Panel: Communist Successor Parties in Comparative Perspective, Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Political Science Association. Chicago Ill. April 23, 1998
UNIVERSITY AND DEPARTMENT SERVICE
2018. Chair, Senior Search Committee, Department of Government
2016-2017. Chair, Strategic Planning Committee, Department of Government
2014. Interim Director, Center for European Studies, Harvard University
2013-2014. Search Committee, Middle East Politics Senior Search, Department of Government
2013-2014. Faculty Council, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University
2011. Chair, Search Committee, Assistant Professorship, Department of Government
2005-Member, Executive Committee, Conference Group on Italian Politics and Society, American Political Science Association.
Reviewer: American Political Science Review, German Politics and Society, Studies in Comparative International Development, Party Politics, Comparative Political Studies, World Politics, American Sociological Review, Journal of Politics
1998- Member, American Political Science Association
1998- Member, Council of European Studies
1998- German Studies Association
Limited Proficiency: Italian and French
Comparative Politics, East and West European Politics, European Political Development
“The Politics of Europe” (Harvard)
“Political Corruption” (Harvard)
“Sophomore Tutorial: Democracy” (Harvard)
“Contemporary Theories of Political Economy (UC Berkeley)
“Nation-Building, Democracy, and the Development of Europe” (Harvard University)
“Methods of Social Scientific Inquiry” (Harvard University)
“The New Europe” (Harvard University)
“Contemporary Europe” (Harvard University)
“Is Democracy Possible Everywhere?” (Harvard University)
“PhD Field Seminar in Comparative Politics” (Harvard University)
“Political Economy Workshop (Harvard University)
“Political Regimes and Regime Change” (Harvard University, with Steve Levitsky)
“Comparative State-Building” (Harvard University)
“Introduction to Comparative Politics (Naval Postgraduate School)
“The European Union: Integration, Enlargement, and Europeanization” (Naval Postgraduate School)