Magnetoencephalographic Spike Analysis in Patients With Focal Cortical Dysplasia: What Defines a "Dipole Cluster"?

Citation:

Naoaki Tanaka, Christos Papadelis, Eleonora Tamilia, Michel Alhilani, Joseph R Madsen, Phillip L Pearl, and Steven M Stufflebeam. 2018. “Magnetoencephalographic Spike Analysis in Patients With Focal Cortical Dysplasia: What Defines a "Dipole Cluster"?” Pediatr Neurol, 83, Pp. 25-31.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to clarify the source distribution patterns of magnetoencephalographic spikes correlated with postsurgical seizure-free outcome in pediatric patients with focal cortical dysplasia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with pathologically confirmed focal cortical dysplasia were divided into seizure-free and seizure-persistent groups according to their surgical outcomes based on Engel classification. In each patient, presurgical magnetoencephalography was reviewed. Dipole sources of magnetoencephalographic spikes were calculated according to a single dipole model. We obtained the following quantitative indices for evaluating dipole distribution: maximum distance over all pairs of dipoles, standard deviation of the distances between each dipole and the mean coordinate of all dipoles, average nearest neighbor distance, the rate of dipoles located within 10, 20, and 30 mm from the mean coordinate, and the rate of dipoles included in the resection. These indices were compared between the two patient groups. RESULTS: Average nearest neighbor distance was significantly smaller in the seizure-free group than in the seizure-persistent group (P = 0.008). The rates of dipoles located within 10, 20, and 30 mm from the mean coordinate were significantly higher in the seizure-free group (P = 0.001, 0.001, 0.005, respectively). The maximum distance, standard deviation, and resection rate of dipoles did not show a significant difference between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: A spatially restricted dipole distribution of magnetoencephalographic spikes is correlated with postsurgical seizure-free outcomes in patients with focal cortical dysplasia. The distribution can be assessed by quantitative indices that are clinically useful in the presurgical evaluation of these patients.