Comparative effectiveness of gastric bypass versus gastric banding on acute care use for cardiovascular disease in adults with obesity

Citation:

YJ Shimada, T Goto, Y Tsugawa, EW Yu, K Yoshida, S Homma, DFM Brown, and K Hasegawa. 2019. “Comparative effectiveness of gastric bypass versus gastric banding on acute care use for cardiovascular disease in adults with obesity.” Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis, 29, 5, Pp. 518-526. Copy at https://tinyurl.com/y94xxu6l

Abstract:

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gastric bypass is known to have larger effects on weight and metabolism than gastric banding. However, scarce data exist as to whether the differences are translated into differential risks of cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related morbidities. The objective was to examine whether adults with obesity and CVD who underwent gastric bypass have a lower rate of acute care use (emergency department [ED] visit or unplanned hospitalization) for CVD than those with gastric banding. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a comparative effectiveness study of gastric bypass versus banding among adults with obesity and CVD who underwent either surgery, using population-based [ED] and inpatient samples in California, Florida, and Nebraska from 2005 through 2011. The primary outcome was acute care use for CVD during a two-year postoperative period. We constructed negative binomial regression models to compare the event rate during sequential 6-month periods, using gastric banding group as the reference. We identified 11,229 adults with obesity and CVD who underwent gastric bypass and 3896 adults who had gastric banding. Patients with gastric bypass had significantly lower rate of the outcome compared to those with banding in the 7-12 months postoperative period (adjusted rate ratio [aRR] 0.77; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.61-0.98; P = 0.03). The significant reduction in the rate persisted during 13-18 months (aRR 0.71; 95% CI, 0.57-0.90; P = 0.005) and 19-24 months (aRR 0.66; 95% CI, 0.52-0.82; P < 0.001) after bariatric surgery. CONCLUSION: In this population-based comparative effectiveness study of adults with obesity and CVD, the rate of acute care use for CVD was lower after gastric bypass compared to gastric banding.