Effects of Gastric Bypass and Gastric Banding on Bone Remodeling in Obese Patients With Type 2 Diabetes.

Citation:

Elaine W Yu, Marlene Wewalka, Su-Ann Ding, Donald C Simonson, Kathleen Foster, Jens J Holst, Ashley Vernon, Allison B Goldfine, and Florencia Halperin. 2016. “Effects of Gastric Bypass and Gastric Banding on Bone Remodeling in Obese Patients With Type 2 Diabetes.” J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 101, 2, Pp. 714-22. Copy at https://tinyurl.com/y7op248x

Abstract:

CONTEXT: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) leads to high-turnover bone loss, but little is known about skeletal effects of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) or mechanisms underlying bone loss after bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of RYGB and LAGB on fasting and postprandial indices of bone remodeling. DESIGN AND SETTING: Ancillary investigation of a prospective study at 2 academic institutions. PARTICIPANTS: Obese adults aged 21-65 years with type 2 diabetes who underwent RYGB (n = 11) or LAGB (n = 8). OUTCOMES: Serum C-terminal telopeptide (CTX), procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide (P1NP), and PTH were measured during a mixed meal tolerance test at baseline, 10 days and 1 year after surgery. Changes in 25-hydroxyvitamin D, polypeptide YY (PYY), glucagon-like peptide-1, glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide, and insulin were also assessed. RESULTS: Fasting CTX increased 10 days after RYGB but not LAGB (+69 ± 23% vs +12±12%, P < .001), despite comparable weight loss at that time. By 1 year, fasting CTX and P1NP increased more after RYGB than LAGB (CTX +221 ± 60% vs +15 ± 6%, P<0.001; P1NP +93 ± 25% vs -9 ± 10%, P < .001) and weight loss was greater with RYGB. Changes in CTX were independent of PTH and 25-hydroxyvitamin D but were associated with increases in fasting PYY. Postprandial suppression of CTX was more pronounced after RYGB than LAGB at 10 days and 1 year postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: RYGB is accompanied by early increases in fasting indices of bone remodeling, independent of weight loss or changes in PTH or 25-hydroxyvitamin D. LAGB did not affect bone markers. PYY and other enterohormonal signals may play a role in RYGB-specific skeletal changes.