The Microeconomic Foundations of Aggregate Production Functions


Baqaee, David, and Emmanuel Farhi. Forthcoming. “The Microeconomic Foundations of Aggregate Production Functions.” Journal of the European Economic Association.
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Aggregate production functions are reduced-form relationships that emerge endogenously from input-output interactions between heterogeneous producers and factors in general equilibrium. We provide a general methodology for analyzing such aggregate production functions by deriving their first- and second-order properties. Our aggregation formulas provide non-parameteric characterizations of the macro elasticities of substitution between factors and of the macro bias of technical change in terms of micro sufficient statistics. They allow us to generalize existing aggregation theorems and to derive new ones. We relate our results to the famous Cambridge-Cambridge controversy.


Article for the BBVA lecture of the European Economic Association and the BBVA Foundation

Last updated on 01/23/2020