Scholarship on the outcomes of democratic transition has been limited to the dichotomy between consolidation or breakdown. We argue that the fate of democracies is more diverse. Among the democracies that consolidate, some deepen and strengthen their democratic institutions and practices, while others observe little change even after extended periods of stability. A third subset of consolidated democracies erode without breaking down. We described this variation in an article for the Journal of Democracy and are now studying why it happens.
As a stepstone to identifying the universe of cases to study, we are also working on a new categorical indicator of democracy (w/ Natan Skigin)