Publications by Date

2010
Frankel J, Xie D. Estimation of De Facto Flexibility Parameter and Basket Weights in Evolving Exchange Rate Regimes. American Economic Review. 2010;100. defactoxieregatlanta2010_1.doc
Frankel J, Poonawala J. The Forward Market in Emerging Currencies: Less Biased than in Major Currencies. Journal of International Money and Finance. 2010;29 (3) :585-659. fdbiasemktsjumana06sbm09.doc
Frankel J. Comment on 'China's Current Account and Exchange Rate' by Yin-Wong Cheung, Menzie Chinn, and Eiji Fuji. China's Growing Role in World Trade [Internet]. 2010;NBER. Publisher's Version
Frankel J. The Renminbi Since 2005. The US-Sino Currency Dispute: New Insights From Economics, Politics, and Law [Internet]. 2010;Centre for Economic Policy Research: London :51-60. Publisher's Version chinarmbvoxeu2010apr11.doc
Frankel J. Mauritius: African Success Story, in NBER Conference on African Successes. Accra, Ghana ; 2010. mauritiussuccess2012.doc
Frankel J. "Who Decides When the Recession Ends?". National Journal Expert Blogs. 2010.
2009
Frankel J. Addressing the Leakage/Competitiveness Issue In Climate Policy Proposals. In: Brainard L, Sorkin I Brookings Institution Press ; 2009. pp. 69-91. Link
Frankel J. An Elaborated Proposal for Global Climate Policy Architecture: Specific Formulas and Emission Targets for All Countries in All Decades. In: Aldy J, Stavins R Post-Kyoto International Climate Policy. Cambridge University Press ; 2009. pp. 31-87. specifictargetshpica2009.doc
Frankel J. Environmental Effects of International Trade, in Swedish Globalization Council. Stockholm, Sweden ; 2009. globalenvirotradeswejan.doc
Frankel J. Global Environment and Trade Policy. In: Aldy J, Stavins R Post-Kyoto International Climate Policy. Cambridge University Press ; 2009. pp. 493-529.
Frankel J. Targets, Timetables and Trade: How to Achieve a Successful Copenhagen. East Asia Quarterly. 2009;1 (3) :11-13. easiaforumcopenhagen2009.doc
Frankel J. What's "In" and What's "Out" in Global Money. Finance and Development. 2009;IMF. globalmoneyifdev_1_1.doc
Frankel J, Poonawala J. The Forward Market in Emerging Currencies: Less Biased than in Major Currencies. Journal of International Money and Finance. 2009. fdbiasemktsjumana06sbm09_1.doc
Frankel J. New Estimation of China's Exchange Rate Regime. Pacific Economic Review. 2009. newestchinaexrregimeper_2.doc
The Estimated Effects of the Euro on Trade: Why are They Below Historical Evidence on Effects of Monetary Unions Among Smaller Countries?. In: Europe and the Euro. Chicago: University of Chicago Press ; 2009. eurotradenber08milan.doc
de Macedo JB, Pereira LB. Cape Verde and Mozambique as Development Successes in West and Southern Africa. NBER [Internet]. 2009. Publisher's VersionAbstract

This paper applies an interpretation of how globalization and governance (G&G) interact with convergence
given Cape Verde and Mozambique’s particular geographical and historical contexts. We hold that
development success under globalization entails, necessarily but not exclusively, positive market perceptions
regarding the orientation and predictability of policies as well as the accompanying institutional arrangements.
As such, a positive G&G interaction with respect to a comparator group can usefully be defined as
success notwithstanding the inexistence of a universally applicable development model. In practical
terms, we first identify macro-level policy and institutional combinations underpinning successful
trade diversification (an indicator of globalization) and income convergence (an indicator of governance)
in the sub-regions of West and Southern Africa. We then assess to what extent these combinations
apply to both countries using an empirical analysis. We find that trade openness drives convergence
and export diversification in Western Africa (which is becoming more diversified) while convergence
is instead driven by economic and political freedoms in Southern Africa (which is becoming more
specialized). Our empirical analysis is complemented by a case-study narrative of Cape Verde and
Mozambique’s long-term development, which allows us to also identify the following common drivers:
moving towards a market economy; opening up to regional and global trade; increasing economic
and political freedom; pursing macroeconomic stability and financial reputation; ensuring policy continuity
(especially in the industrial and trade sectors) and focusing on human development (especially education
and poverty reduction). Moreover, both countries reveal convergence compared to their sub-regional
peers when looking at average GDP per capita and indicators of financial reputation and good governance.
While these findings are insufficient to conclude that convergence will be sustained, the positive interaction
between trade and financial globalization, on the one hand, and good governance and democracy, on
the other, may help explain the observed diversity of the Portuguese-speaking African community,
which includes three other countries (Angola, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé e Príncipe).

Frankel J. The Global Financial Crisis: A Selective Review of Recent Research in the IFM Program. NBER IFM [Internet]. 2009. Publisher's Version
Frankel J. Eight Reasons We Are Given not to Worry about the US Deficit. Commission on Growth and Development [Internet]. 2009. Publisher's VersionAbstract

The large US current account deficit over the last decade – and the
corresponding surpluses in China and elsewhere – have been interpreted in
two very different ways. Many mainstream economists view the
phenomena as primarily the outcome of a low rate of national saving in the
United States, beginning with a large budget deficit (the other half of the
“twin deficits.”) In this first view, the current account deficit is
unsustainable, and will eventually result in a sharp depreciation of the
dollar. But this unsustainability view has been challenged by a variety of
other economists, with equally impeccable credentials. This paper
enumerates eight arguments that they have given as to why we need not
worry about the current account deficit. The paper is skeptical of all eight,
and sides with the unsustainability view. But they deserve a hearing. The
eight are:
1. The siblings are not twins.
2. Alleged investment boom.
3. Low U.S. private savings.
4. Global savings glut.
5. It’s a big world.
6. Valuation effects pay for it.
7. Intermediation rents pay for it.
8. Bretton Woods II.

2008
Frankel J. Carried Away: Everything You Wanted to Know About the Carry Trade. Milken Institute Review [Internet]. 2008. Link
Frankel J. The Euro is a Credible Challenger in the Wake of the Financial Crisis of 2008. CQ Global Researcher [Internet]. 2008;2 (10) :287. Link

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