Publications

1993
Needels K, Freeman R. Skill Differentials in Canada in an Era of Rising Labor Market Inequality. In: Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Incomes Maintenance in Canada and the United States. University of Chicago Press for NBER ; 1993.
Blanchflower D, Freeman R. Did the Thatcher Reforms Change British Labour Market Performance?. In: Is the British Labour Market Different? London ; 1993.
Freeman R. Will Economic Integration Eliminate Country Differences in Labor Practices, in The Brookings Institution Second Review Conference on Integration the World Economy Project. Brookings Institution ; 1993.
Freeman R. Labour Market Flexibility, Regulations and Institutions in an International Context, in Employment and Development Branch of the International Labour Office ; 1993.
Freeman R. Postkommunistische Schizophrenie. Transit. 1993.
Freeman R. Analyzing the Puzzle of the Japanese Labor Market. In: Japan: A European Perspective. NY: St.Martin's Press, Inc ; 1993. pp. 63-67.
Freeman R. Give to Charity -- Well, Since You Asked, in Conference on the Economics and Psychology of Happiness and Fairness. London: London School of Economics ; 1993.
Freeman R. Pricking Business' Bleeding Heart: Corporate Giving in the 1980s. Capitalism and Generosity. 1993.
Freeman R. Is Globalization Impoverishing Low Skill American Workers?, in Forum on Policy Responses to an International Market, The Urban Institute. ; 1993.
Freeman R. Minimum Wages — Again!, in Conference on Economic Analysis of Base Salaries and Effects of Minimum Wages. Aix-en-Provence, France ; 1993.
Rogers J, Freeman R. A New New Deal for Labor. New York Times. 1993.
Rogers J, Freeman R. Who Speaks for Us? Employee Representation in a Non-Union Labor Market. In: Employee Representation: Alternatives and Future Directions. Madison, WI: Industrial Relations Research Assocation ; 1993.
Small Differences that Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States
Card D, Freeman R. Small Differences that Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States. University of Chicago Press; 1993. Publisher's VersionAbstract
This volume, the first in a new series by the National Bureau of Economic Research that compares labor markets in different countries, examines social and labor market policies in Canada and the United States during the 1980s. It shows that subtle differences in unemployment compensation, unionization, immigration policies, and income maintenance programs have significantly affected economic outcomes in the two countries. For example: -Canada's social safety net, more generous than the American one, produced markedly lower poverty rates in the 1980s. -Canada saw a smaller increase in earnings inequality than the United States did, in part because of the strength of Canadian unions, which have twice the participation that U.S. unions do. -Canada's unemployment figures were much higher than those in the United States, not because the Canadian economy failed to create jobs but because a higher percentage of nonworking time was reported as unemployment. These disparities have become noteworthy as policy makers cite the experiences of the other country to support or oppose particular initiatives.
1992
Freeman RB. Crime and the Employment of Disadvantaged Youths . In: Urban Labor Markets and Job Opportunity. Washington DC: The Urban Institute ; 1992.Abstract
Abstract
This paper examines the magnitude of criminal activity among disadvantaged youths in the 1980s. It shows that a large proportion of youths who dropped out of high school, particularly black school dropouts, developed criminal records in the decade; and that those who were incarcerated in 1980 or earlier were much less likely to hold jobs than other youths over the entire decade. The magnitudes of incarceration, probation, and parole among black dropouts, in particular, suggest that crime has become an intrinsic part of the youth unemployment and poverty problem, rather than deviant behavior on the margin. Limited evidence on the returns to crime suggest that with the decline in earnings and employment for less educated young men, crime offers an increasingly attractive alternative.
crime_and_employment_of_disadv_youths_-_ed_peterson_vroman_92.pdf
Freeman RB. "Crime and the Employment of Disadvantaged Youths". In: Urban Labor Markets and Job Opportunity. Washington DC: Urban Institute Press ; 1992. crime_and_employment_of_disadv_youths_-_ed_peterson_vroman_92.pdf
Freeman R. Wage-Setting Systems and Modes of Compensation in Market Economies, in Conference on Employment Restructuring in Russian Industry. ; 1992.
Freeman R. Lessons from Europe and American Labor Markets: An American View. In: European and American Labor Markets: Different Models and Different Results. Washington, DC: The National Planning Assocation ; 1992.
Freeman R. Getting Here from There: Labor in the Transition to a Market Economy. In: Labor and Democracy in the Transition to a Market Economy: A U.S. and Post-Dialogue. White Plains, NY: M.E. Sharpe ; 1992.
Freeman R. The 'Others' Or the Culture of Poverty ("Les 'autres' ou la culture de la pauvreté). In: America: The Blessed Dream (America: Le Rêve Blessé). Paris: Editions Autrement ; 1992.
Freeman R, Bound J. What Went Wrong? The Erosion of the Relative Earnings and Employment among Young Black Men in the 1980s. Quarterly Journal of Economics. 1992;CVII (1) :201-232.

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