Publications

1983
Clark KB, Freeman R. How Elastic is the Demand for Labor?: A Reply. Review of Economics and Statistics. 1983;65 (4) :694.
Freeman R. Unionism, Price-Cost Margins, and the Return to Capital. 1983.
1982
Freeman R, Calpe C. El Sector Turistica en Republica Dominicana. 1982.
Eccles M, Freeman R. What! Another Minimum Wage Study?. American Economic Review. 1982.
Freeman R, Medoff J. Substitution Between Production Labor and Other Inputs in Unionized and Non-unionized Manufacturing. Review of Economics and Statistics. 1982.
Freeman RB, Medoff JL. The Impact of Collective Bargaining: Illusion or Reality?. In: U.S. Industrial Relations 1950-1980: A Critical Assessment. Madison, WI: Industrial Relations Research Association ; 1982. Publisher's Version dash_10dec21_the_impact_of_coll_bargaining-illusion_or_reality_freeman-medoff_steiver_et_al_vol_1981.pdf
1981
Freeman RB, Medoff JL. "The Impact of Collective Bargaining: Illusion or Reality?" NBER Working Paper #0735 (August 1981). 1981. Publisher's VersionAbstract
This paper reviews a significant body of evidence regarding the impact of trade unionism on economic performance and seeks to evaluate antithetical views regarding whether estimated differences between union and nonunion workers and firms represent: illusions created by poor experiments, real effects explicable solely in price-theoretic terms, or real effects which reflect the non wage-related dimensions of trade unions. The review yields conclusions on both the substantive questions at hand and the methodologies which have been used to address their validity. With respect to the illusion/reality debate, the preponderance of extant evidence indicates that union effects on a wide variety of economic variables estimated with cross-sectional data are real. Moreover, since the effects of unions on nonwage outcomes generally come from models which hold fixed the level of wages and variables affected by wages, the evidence supports the view that unions do much more than simply raise wages as an economic monopolist. While, in this study, we do not examine interpretations of these nonwage effects, the effects represent an empirical foundation for the "institutional" view of unionism, which is described in Section I. With respect to methods for evaluating the quality of standard cross-sectional experiments, some techniques appear more useful than others. In particular, we find that sensitivity analyses of single-equation results and longitudinal experiments provide valuable checks on cross-sectional findings while multiple-equations approaches produce results which are much too unstable to help resolve the questions of concern.
dash_10dec21_wp-0735_the_impact_of_coll_bargaining-illusion_or_reality_freeman-medoff_1981_-_copy.pdf
Medoff JL. "The Impact of Collective Bargaining: Illusion or Reality?" NBER Working Paper #0735 (August 1981). . 1981. Publisher's VersionAbstract
This paper reviews a significant body of evidence regarding the impact of trade unionism on economic performance and seeks to evaluate antithetical views regarding whether estimated differences between union and nonunion workers and firms represent: illusions created by poor experiments, real effects explicable solely in price-theoretic terms, or real effects which reflect the non wage-related dimensions of trade unions. The review yields conclusions on both the substantive questions at hand and the methodologies which have been used to address their validity. With respect to the illusion/reality debate, the preponderance of extant evidence indicates that union effects on a wide variety of economic variables estimated with cross-sectional data are real. Moreover, since the effects of unions on nonwage outcomes generally come from models which hold fixed the level of wages and variables affected by wages, the evidence supports the view that unions do much more than simply raise wages.
dash_10dec21_wp-0735_the_impact_of_coll_bargaining-illusion_or_reality_freeman-medoff_1981_-_copy.pdf
Medoff JL. Freeman RB, Medoff JL. The Impact of Collective Bargaining: Illusion or Reality? NBER Working Paper #0735 (August 1981). https://www.nber.org/papers/w0735. 1981. Publisher's VersionAbstract
This paper reviews a significant body of evidence regarding the impact of trade unionism on economic performance and seeks to evaluate antithetical views regarding whether estimated differences between union and nonunion workers and firms represent: illusions created by poor experiments, real effects explicable solely in price-theoretic terms, or real effects which reflect the non wage-related dimensions of trade unions. The review yields conclusions on both the substantive questions at hand and the methodologies which have been used to address their validity. With respect to the illusion/reality debate, the preponderance of extant evidence indicates that union effects on a wide variety of economic variables estimated with cross-sectional data are real. Moreover, since the effects of unions on nonwage outcomes generally come from models which hold fixed the level of wages and variables affected by wages, the evidence supports the view that unions do much more than simply raise wages.
academia_10dec21_wp-0735_the_impact_of_coll_bargaining-illusion_or_reality_freeman-medoff_1981.pdf
Freeman R. Have Black Labor Market Gains Post-1964 Been Permanent or Transitory?. 1981.
Freeman R, Ichniowski B, Gray W. Low Cost Student Labor: The Use and Effects of the Subminimum Wage Provisions for Fulltime Students. 1981.
Freeman R. Economic Determinants of Geographic and Individual Variation in the Labor Market Position of Young Persons. In: The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes and Consequences. University of Chicago Press ; 1981. pp. 115-154.
Freeman R, Medoff J. Why Does the Rate of Youth Force Activity Differ Across Surveys?. In: The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes and Consequences. University of Chicago Press ; 1981. pp. 75-114.
Freeman R, Medoff J. The Youth Labor Market Problem in the United States: An Overview. In: The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes and Consequences. University of Chicago Press ; 1981. pp. 35-74.
Freeman R, Wise D. The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes and Consequences. In: The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes and Consequences. University of Chicago Press ; 1981. pp. 1-16.
Freeman R. The Food Stamp Program After One Year: An Economic Appraisal. Sri Lankan Government, HIID; 1981.
Freeman R. Black Economic Progress After 1964: Who Has Gained and Why. In: Studies in Labor Markets. University of Chicago Press ; 1981.
Freeman R. Troubled Workers in the Labor Market. Seventh Annual Report. 1981.
Freeman R. Career Patterns of College Graduates in a Declining Job Market. 1981.
Freeman R. Economic Reform of the Quota System of Higher Education in the Republic of Korea. World Bank; 1981.

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