Fryer R, Dobbie W. Are High-Quality Schools Enough to Increase Achievement Among the Poor? Evidence from the Harlem Children’s Zone. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics. . 2011;3 (3).Abstract

Harlem Children’s Zone (HCZ), an ambitious social experiment, combines community programs with charter schools. We provide the first empirical test of the causal impact of HCZ charters on educational outcomes. Both lottery and instrumental variable identification strategies suggest that the effects of attending an HCZ middle school are enough to close the black-white achievement gap in mathematics. The effects in elementary school are large enough to close the racial achievement gap in both mathematics and ELA. We conclude with evidence that suggests high-quality schools are enough to significantly increase academic achievement among the poor. Community programs appear neither necessary nor sufficient.

Fryer R, Holden R. Measuring the Compactness of Political Districting Plans. Journal of Law and Economics. 2011. PDF Accompanying Congressional District Maps 1-13.pdf Accompanying Congressional District Maps 14-25.pdf Accompanying Congressional District Maps 26-43.pdf
Fryer R. It May Not Take a Village: Increasing Achievement Among the Poor. Social Inequality and Educational Disadvantage. 2011. PDF
Fryer R. Financial Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence from Randomized Trials. Quarterly Journal of Economics. 2011;126 (4) :1755-1798. PDF
Fryer R, Greenstone M. The Causes and Consequences of Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics. 2010;2 (1). PDF
Fryer R. An Empirical Analysis of 'Acting White'. Journal of Public Economics. 2010;94 (5-6) :380-396. PDF
Fryer R, Levitt S. An Empirical Analysis of the Gender Gap in Mathematics. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics. 2010;2 (2). PDF
Fryer R. The Importance of Segregation, Discrimination, Peer Dynamics, and Identity in Explaining Trends in the Racial Achievement Gap. Handbook of Social Economics. 2010;1B. PDF
Fryer R. Racial Inequality in the 21st Century: The Declining Significance of Discrimination. Handbook of Labor Economics. 2010;4. PDF
Fryer R. Implicit Quotas. The Journal of Legal Studies. 2009;38. PDF
Fryer R, Loury G, Yuret T. An Economic Analysis of Color-Blind Affirmative Action. Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization. 2008;24 (2) :319-355. PDF
Fryer R, Jackson M. A Categorical Model of Cognition and Biased Decision-Making. Contributions in Theoretical Economics. 2008;8 (1). PDF
Fryer R, Levitt S, List JA. Exploring the Impact of Financial Incentives on Stereotype Threat: Evidence from a Pilot Study. American Economic Review. 2008;98 (2) :370-375. PDF
Fryer R. Guess Who's Been Coming to Dinner? Trends in Interracial Marriage over the 20th Century. Journal of Economic Perspectives. 2007.Abstract

Additional Figures and Regressions

Fryer R. Belief Flipping in a Dynamic Model of Statistical Discrimination. Journal of Public Economics. 2007. PDF
Fryer R, Echenique F. A Measure of Segregation Based on Social Interactions. Quarterly Journal of Economics. 2007;122 (2) :441-485. PDF
Fryer R. A Model of Social Interactions and Endogenous Poverty Traps. Rationality and Society. 2007;19 (3) :335-366. PDF
Fryer R, Levitt S. The Black-White Test Score Gap Through Third Grade. American Law and Economic Review. 2006. PDF
Fryer R, Anderson L, Holt C. Discrimination: Experimental Evidence from Psychology and Economics. In: Rogers W Handbook on Economics of Discrimination. Edward Elgar Publishing ; 2006. PDF
Fryer R. Acting White. Education Next. 2006. PDF