Engineering multifunctional bactericidal nanofibers for abdominal hernia repair

Citation:

Afewerki S, Bassous N, Vargas Harb S, Corat MAF, Maharjan S, Ruiz-Esparza GU, Paula de MMM, Webster TJ, Tim CR, Cruz Viana B, Wang D, Wang X, Marciano FR, and Lobo AO. 2/19/2021. “Engineering multifunctional bactericidal nanofibers for abdominal hernia repair.” Communications Biology, 4. Link
Engineering multifunctional bactericidal nanofibers for abdominal hernia repair

Abstract:

The engineering of multifunctional surgical bactericidal nanofibers with inherent suitable mechanical and biological properties, through facile and cheap fabrication technology, is a great challenge. Moreover, hernia, which is when organ is pushed through an opening in the muscle or adjacent tissue due to damage of tissue structure or function, is a dire clinical challenge that currently needs surgery for recovery. Nevertheless, post-surgical hernia complications, like infection, fibrosis, tissue adhesions, scaffold rejection, inflammation, and recurrence still remain important clinical problems. Herein, through an integrated electrospinning, plasma treatment and direct surface modification strategy, multifunctional bactericidal nanofibers were engineered showing optimal properties for hernia repair. The nanofibers displayed good bactericidal activity, low inflammatory response, good biodegradation, as well as optimal collagen-, stress fiber- and blood vessel formation and associated tissue ingrowth in vivo. The disclosed engineering strategy serves as a prominent platform for the design of other multifunctional materials for various biomedical challenges.
Last updated on 07/19/2021