En face view of the mitral valve: definition and acquisition


Mahmood F, Warraich HJ, Shahul S, Qazi A, Swaminathan M, Mackensen GB, Panzica P, Maslow A. En face view of the mitral valve: definition and acquisition. Anesth Analg. 2012;115 :779-84.

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A 3-dimensional echocardiographic view of the mitral valve, called the "en face" or "surgical view," presents a view of the mitral valve similar to that seen by the surgeon from a left atrial perspective. Although the anatomical landmarks of this view are well defined, no comprehensive echocardiographic definition has been presented. After reviewing the literature, we provide a definition of the left atrial and left ventricular en face views of the mitral valve. Techniques used to acquire this view are also discussed.


Mahmood, FerozeWarraich, Haider JavedShahul, SajidQazi, AishaSwaminathan, MadhavMackensen, G BurkhardPanzica, PeterMaslow, AndrewengReviewAnesth Analg. 2012 Oct;115(4):779-84. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e3182662dd9. Epub 2012 Aug 2.