Adiponectin ameliorates hyperglycemia-induced cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction by concomitantly activating Nrf2 and Brg1

Citation:

H. Li, W. Yao, M. G. Irwin, T. Wang, S. Wang, L. Zhang, and Z. Xia. 2015. “Adiponectin ameliorates hyperglycemia-induced cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction by concomitantly activating Nrf2 and Brg1.” Free Radic Biol MedFree Radic Biol MedFree Radic Biol Med, 84, Pp. 311-21.

Abstract:

Hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress is implicated in the development of cardiomyopathy in diabetes that is associated with reduced adiponectin (APN) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). Brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1) assists nuclear factor-erythroid-2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) to activate HO-1 to increase myocardial antioxidant capacity in response to oxidative stress. We hypothesized that reduced adiponectin (APN) impairs HO-1 induction which contributes to the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy, and that supplementation of APN may ameliorate diabetic cardiomyopathy by activating HO-1 through Nrf2 and Brg1 in diabetes. Control (C) and streptozotocin-induced diabetic (D) rats were untreated or treated with APN adenovirus (1x10(9) pfu) 3 weeks after diabetes induction and examined and terminated 1 week afterward. Rat left ventricular functions were assessed by a pressure-volume conductance system, before the rat hearts were removed to perform histological and biochemical assays. Four weeks after diabetes induction, D rats developed cardiac hypertrophy evidenced as increased ratio of heart weight to body weight, elevated myocardial collagen I content, and larger cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area (all P<0.05 vs C). Diabetes elevated cardiac oxidative stress (increased 15-F2t-isoprostane, 4-hydroxynonenal generation, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine, and superoxide anion generation), increased myocardial apoptosis, and impaired cardiac function (all P<0.05 vs C). In D rats, myocardial HO-1 mRNA and protein expression were reduced which was associated with reduced Brg1 and nuclear Nrf2 protein expression. All these changes were either attenuated or prevented by APN. In primarily cultured cardiomyocytes (CMs) isolated from D rats or in the embryonic rat cardiomyocytes cell line H9C2 cells incubated with high glucose (HG, 25 mM), supplementation of recombined globular APN (gAd, 2mug/mL) reversed HG-induced reductions of HO-1, Brg1, and nuclear Nrf2 protein expression and attenuated cellular oxidative stress, myocyte size, and apoptotic cells. Inhibition of HO-1 by ZnPP (10muM) or small interfering RNA (siRNA) canceled all the above gAd beneficial effects. Moreover, inhibition of Nrf2 (either by the Nrf2 inhibitor luteolin or siRNA) or Brg1 (by siRNA) canceled gAd-induced HO-1 induction and cellular protection in CMs and in H9C2 cells incubated with HG. In summary, our present study demonstrated that APN reduced cardiac oxidative stress, ameliorated cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, and prevented left ventricular dysfunction in diabetes by concomitantly activating Nrf2 and Brg1 to facilitate HO-1 induction.

Notes:

1873-4596Li, HaoboYao, WeifengIrwin, Michael GWang, TingtingWang, ShuangZhang, LiangqingXia, ZhengyuanJournal ArticleResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tUnited StatesFree Radic Biol Med. 2015 Jul;84:311-21. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.03.007. Epub 2015 Mar 17.