MG53 anchored by dysferlin to cell membrane reduces hepatocyte apoptosis which induced by ischaemia/reperfusion injury in vivo and in vitro

Citation:

W. Yao, H. Li, X. Han, C. Chen, Y. Zhang, W. L. Tai, Z. Xia, and Z. Hei. 2017. “MG53 anchored by dysferlin to cell membrane reduces hepatocyte apoptosis which induced by ischaemia/reperfusion injury in vivo and in vitro.” J Cell Mol MedJ Cell Mol MedJ Cell Mol Med.

Abstract:

Hepatic ischaemia/reperfusion (HIR) induces severe damage on hepatocyte cell membrane, which leads to hepatocyte death and the subsequent HIR injury. In this study, we investigated the role and the mechanism of mitsugumin-53 (MG53), a novel cell membrane repair protein, in protecting the liver against HIR injury. Rats were subjected to sham operation or 70% warm HIR with or without recombined MG53 (rhMG53), caudal vein-injected 2 hrs before inducing HIR. In vitro, cultured hepatocyte AML12 cells were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) in the presence of rhMG53 and/or dysferlin gene shRNAs or adenovirus transfection. HIR resulted in severe liver injury manifested as severe liver histological changes and increased AST and ALT release. Post-ischaemic hepatic oxidative stress was significantly enhanced demonstrated by elevated dihydroethidium level, increased 4-hydroxynonenal, enhanced 15-F2t-isoprostane and decreased SOD activity. rhMG53 administration attenuated post-HIR liver injury, decreased liver oxidative stress and further enhanced dysferlin protein expression and its colocalization with MG53. Similarly, H/R induced AML12 cell injury and oxidative stress, which were abolished by either rhMG53 or dysferlin overexpression but were exacerbated by dysferlin gene knockdown. Dysferlin overexpression further increased H/R-induced increased colocalization of MG53 and dysferlin. In conclusion, MG53 was anchored by dysferlin to reduce oxidative stress and cell death and attenuate HIR injury.

Notes:

1582-4934Yao, WeifengLi, HaoboHan, XueChen, ChaojinZhang, YihanTai, Wai LydiaXia, ZhengyuanHei, ZiqingORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0649-0624Journal ArticleEnglandJ Cell Mol Med. 2017 Apr 12. doi: 10.1111/jcmm.13171.