Intermolecular Interactions and Vibrational Perturbations within Mixtures of 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Thiocyanate and Water

Citation:

Sarah N. Johnson, Charles R. Hutchison, Chad M. Williams, Charles L. Hussey, Gregory S. Tschumper, and Nathan I. Hammer. 2018. “ Intermolecular Interactions and Vibrational Perturbations within Mixtures of 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Thiocyanate and Water.” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. Publisher's Version

Abstract:

A Raman spectroscopic analysis of the room temperature ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methlimidazolium thiocyanate, [EMIM][SCN], has revealed that certain stretching vibrations associated with both the anion and cation shift to higher energy (or blue-shift) as water is introduced to the system (by up to 15 cm–1 for a CH stretching mode associated with EMIM+ and up to 12 cm–1 for the CS stretch of SCN). Density functional theory was employed to gain molecular level insight into the origins of these spectral perturbations by computing changes in the structures, energetics, and harmonic vibrational frequencies of the [EMIM][SCN] ion pair as a single explicit water molecule was added to the system. The computed harmonic vibrational frequency shifts for the low-energy structures of the ion pair and the corresponding monohydrated complex reproduce the experimentally observed trends. These results indicate that the donation of a hydrogen bond from water to the N atom of SCN produces the blue-shifts associated with the CN and CS stretching modes. In contrast, the vibrational frequency shifts associated with CH stretches of EMIM+ do not appear to require a direct interaction with the water molecule.
Last updated on 04/09/2020