MENA

Working Paper
Diwan, Ishac, and Jamal Ibrahim Haidar. “Do Political Connections Reduce Job Creation? Evidence from Lebanon,” Working Paper.
Forthcoming
Crony Capitalism in the Middle East: Business and Politics from Liberalization to the Arab Spring
Diwan, Ishac, Adeel Malik, and Izak Atiyas. Crony Capitalism in the Middle East: Business and Politics from Liberalization to the Arab Spring. Oxford University Press, Forthcoming.
2019
Diwan, Ishac, and El Mouhoub Mouhoud. “« La révolte algérienne est bien dans la continuité des “printemps arabes” ».” Le Monde, 2019. Publisher's Version
Diwan, Ishac. “The Challenge of “Normalizing” the Saudi Economy,” 2019. Publisher's Version
Diwan, Ishac. A landing strategy for Saudi Arabia. Project on Middle East Political Science. The Institute for Middle East Studies at the George Washington University, 2019. Publisher's Version
Diwan, Ishac. “Algeria’s Second Arab Spring?Project Syndicate, 2019. Publisher's Version
Cammett, Melani, Ishac Diwan, and Andrew Leber. “Is Oil Wealth Good for Private Sector Development?” 2019. Publisher's Version
2018
Diwan, Ishac, Philip Keefer, and Marc Schiffbauer. “Pyramid capitalism: Cronyism, regulation, and firm productivity in Egypt .” The Review of International Organizations (2018): 1–36. Publisher's Version
Inequality, Autonomy and Changein the Arab Region
Diwan, Ishac, and Djavad Salehi-Isfahani. Inequality, Autonomy and Changein the Arab Region. ESCWA, 2018. Publisher's Version
Diwan, Ishac, Zafiris Tzannatos, and Tarik Akin. “Debunking myth: economic values in the Arab Worldthrough the prism of opinion polls.” Middle East Development Journal 10, no. 1 (2018): 31-63. diwan_etal_2018_debunking_myth.pdf
2017
Diwan, Ishac. “The Middle East’s Oil-Price Problem.” Project Syndicate, 2017. Publisher's Version
Diwan, Ishac, Michele Tuccio, and Jackline Wahba. “Diaspora Networks as a Bridge between Civilizations,” 2017. Publisher's Version
Diwan, Ishac. “The Arab Spring and the Western Winter.” Project Syndicate, 2017. Publisher's Version
2016
Diwan, Ishac, and Marc Schiffbauer. “Private Banking and Crony Capitalism in Egypt,” 2016. Publisher's Version
Diwan, Ishac, and Mohamad Al-Ississ. “Preference for Democracy in the Arab World.” Politics and Governance 4, no. 4 (2016). Publisher's Version
Diwan, Ishac, Philip Keefer, and Marc Schiffbauer. “Pyramid Capitalism: Cronyism, Regulation, and Firm Productivity in Egypt,” 2016. Publisher's Version diwan_keefer_schiffbauer_-_pyramid_capitalism_-_cronyism_regulation_and_firm_productivity_in_egypt_09-14-2016.pdf
Diwan, Ishac. “The Political Effects of Changing Public Opinion in Egypt: A Story of Revolution.” In Young Generation Awakening, edited by Edward A. Sayre and Tarik M. Yousef, 132-50. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2016. ch07-diwan.pdf
Diwan, Ishac. “How to Help the Middle East.” Project Syndicate (2016). Publisher's Version
Diwan, Ishac. Low Social and Political Returns to Education in the Arab World. Economic Research Forum, 2016. Publisher's Version
Diwan, Ishac, Zafiris Tzannatos, and Joanna Abdel Ahad. “Rates of Return to Education in Twenty Two Arab Countries: An Update and Comparison between MENA and the Rest of the World,” 2016. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Using a unique dataset, the study fills an important empirical gap in discussions about labor outcomes in the Arab region by estimating the rates of return to education (RoRE) for all 22 Arab countries. Since we use the same global data set and empirical specification for all countries of the world, our estimates are comparable between countries and between regions of the world.  Compared to other regions, our results for the Arab region show that the RoRE are low but, in relative terms, those for Arab women are higher than those for Arab men. Similarly we find that the region has on average a zero public sector wage premium for men but a high one for women. The public sector premium is high for men in the GCC but low, even negative, in the rest of the region.  Still, the overall RoRE are lowest in the GCC. 

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