Field Expansion for Acquired Monocular Vision Using a Multiplexing Prism

Citation:

Jung, J. - H., & Peli, E. (2018). Field Expansion for Acquired Monocular Vision Using a Multiplexing Prism. Optometry and Vision Science , 95 (9), 814-828. Copy at https://tinyurl.com/yccj5o6o

Abstract:

SIGNIFICANCEAcquired monocular vision (AMV) is a common visual field loss. Patients report mobility difficulties in walking due to collisions with objects or other pedestrians on the blind side.PURPOSEThe visual field of people with AMV extends more than 90° temporally on the side of the seeing eye but is restricted to approximately 55° nasally. We developed a novel field expansion device using a multiplexing prism (MxP) that superimposes the see-through and shifted views for true field expansion without apical scotoma. We present various designs of the device that enable customized fitting and improved cosmetics.METHODSA partial MxP segment is attached (base-in) near the nose bridge. To avoid total internal reflection due to the high angle of incidence at nasal field end (55°), we fit the MxP with serrations facing the eye and tilt the prism base toward the nose. We calculated the width of the MxP (the apex location) needed to prevent apical scotoma and monocular diplopia. We also consider the effect of spectacle prescriptions on these settings. The results are verified perimetrically.RESULTSWe documented the effectivity of various prototype glasses designs with perimetric measurements. With the prototypes, all patients with AMV had field-of-view expansions up to 90° nasally without any loss of seeing field.CONCLUSIONSThe novel and properly mounted MxP in glasses has the potential for meaningful field-of-view expansion up to the size of normal binocular vision in cosmetically acceptable form.

Publisher's Version

Last updated on 05/10/2021