Easements

No easement by necessity to access fire escape

No easement by necessity exists that would allow a condo owner to pass through another condo to reach a fire escape. Nor was there an express easement even though the condo documents gave the unit owner the right to use the fire escape. Chamberlain v. Badaoui,  95 Mass App. Ct. 670, 2019 Mass. App. LEXIS 93, 2019 WL 3334700 (Mass. App. Ct. 2019). No express right to go through the neighboring unit to get to the fire escape was created and the court refused to create one by... Read more about No easement by necessity to access fire escape

Easement owner who exceeds the scope of the easement can obtain new use rights by prescription

Owner of an easement of passage that also uses the land without permission to park a car, use the area as a yard and maintain the lawn exceeds the scope of the easement and if done for the statutory period can obtain an easement by prescription for the longstanding uses. Savoie v. Zaniboni,  27 LCR 165, 2019 Mass. LCR LEXIS 58, 2019 WL 1511101 (Mass. Land Ct. 2019). The court applies the traditional presumption that uses of another's land are nonpermissive unless evidence of permission is present.

Trespass to use mineral rights one property to extract minerals from a neighboring parcel.

The West Virginia Supreme Court held that a mineral owner or lessee that has the right to use the surface of one parcel to extract minerals or oil or gas from that parcel does not have the right to use that access to take minerals from neighboring parcels whose owners conferred no such rights. EQT Production Co. v. Crowder,2019 W. Va....

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External stairway encroachment on neighboring land by one foot is allowed to remain with damages only for the trespass victim

A Massachusetts court has found that a one foot encroachment on neighboring property by a new external stairway on a building is de minimus because the alley is hardly used, and the encroachment is both small and necessary to make the stairway consistent with the building code. Krieger v. Lanark LJS LLC, 2019 Mass. App. Unpub. LEXIS 345, 2019 WL 1976015...

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No right to pave prescriptive easement in rural area

In a case that rests on neighborhood norms and prescriptive easement doctrine, the Massachusetts Land Court has held that while an easement owner can maintain an easement, the easement owner here could not pave the road even though the unpaved road had holes that made it difficult to drive and had damaged the easement owner's car. Unpaved roads were common to the area and desired by the owner of the servient estate...

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Access easement found even though not noted on certificate of title to registered land

Massachusetts courts have several times ruled that access easements may be recognized even though language creating an express easement may be missing or ambiguous in the deeds to the servient estate. Hickey v. Pathways Ass'n, 37 N.E.3d 1003 (Mass. 2015) (access easement recognized over registered land even though it is not in the...

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Prescriptive easement to discharge water onto neighboring land

The Massachusetts Land Court has held that an owner can acquire the right to collect and discharge surface water onto neighboring land by prescription if this continues without permission by the servient estate owner and the other requirements for prescriptive easements are met. JPM Dev., LLC v. Nemetz, 2018 WL 4892726 (Mass. Land Ct. 2018). However, in a companion case, it emphasized that the amount of discharge is set by the historic use throughout the prescription period and any increase in that use is a trepass. Putney v. O'Brien, 2018 WL 6183338 (Mass. Land Ct. 2018).