The Supreme denied certiorari from a California court that interpreted California statutes to ensure public access to the beach and that prohibited a beachfront owner from installing a gate to prevent such public access. Surfrider Foundation v. Martins Beach 1, LLC,221 Cal.Rptr.3d 382 (Ct. App. 2017). The court did not rule on the owner's claim that the state law requiring him to allow access across his property effected a taking of property without just compensation. It found the regulation to be temporary since state law merely required the owner to seek a permit before closing access to the beach when permissive access had previously been given. It did not consider the order to allow access to constitute a temporary taking since it preserved the status quo before the owner's action (installation of the gate) that triggered the state permitting requirement.