A city created a public park next to private property and then used physical signs, maps on Web sites, and other methods to suggest to the public that they were free to cross that private property to get to the beach. Those acts were sufficient to constitute a taking of property without just compensation. The city effectively took a public easement from the private owner. Chmielewski v. City of St. Pete Beach, 890 F.3d 942 (11thCir. 2018).