The Minnesota Supreme Court has held that a state statute that prohibits landlords from refusing to rent to housing voucher (Section 8) recipients does not violate the due process or equal protection clauses of the Minnesota Constitution. Fletcher Properties, Inc. v. City of Minneapolis, 947 N.W.2d 1 (Minn. 2020). While federal law does not require landlords to rent to tenants whose rent is subsidized by housing vouchers, some states do impose this obligation on landlords. Some landlords object to the Section 8 program because it imposes procedures and costs on such landlords and some substantive terms such as prohibiting eviction without good cause.
The court held that the law did not deprive landlords of due process of law because the legislature could reasonably believe that it served the public purpose of enabling voucher holders to find housing. And the fact that some landlords were exempt from the statutory obligations did not violate the equal protection clause because the exempt properties were owned by persons less likely to have the managerial capacity to comply with the housing voucher requirements.