For the first time, federal court rulings seem to have brought same-sex marriage the states. Most of the states that have recognized such marriages have done so through state court rulings or legislation. However, federal court rulings have increasingly found same-sex marriage bans to violate the equal protection clause of the federal constitution. Most such rulings of federal district courts are on appeal and most were stayed during that appeal. However, the governors of both Oregon and Pennsylvania declined to appeal the rulings and no other parties appear to have been given standing to do so. Geiger v. Kitzhaber, 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 68171 (D. Ore. 2014); Whitewood v. Wolf, 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 68771 (M.D. Pa. 2014); That seems to place those states in the same-sex marriage column bringing the total number of jurisdictions with same-sex marriage to twenty (19 states plus the District of Columbia). The list includes California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Hawai`i, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington.