Reconciling Religion and Philosophy: Nasir-i Khusraw's (d. 1088) Jami' al-hikmatayn


10/1/2016. “Reconciling Religion and Philosophy: Nasir-i Khusraw's (d. 1088) Jami' al-hikmatayn.” In The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy, Pp. 169-190. New York: Oxford University Press. Academia


Nāṣir-i Khusraw (d. 481/1088), the renowned Ismāʿīlī philosopher, poet, travel writer, and missionary (dāʿī), took on the formidable challenge of showing the essential harmony between philosophy and Ismāʿīlī doctrine in his Jāmiʿ al-ḥikmatayn (“The Reconciliation of Philosophy and Religion”). After introducing his life and works, this chapter explores this text’s central themes, and examines the manner in which Nāṣir attempts to achieve this reconciliation. Fundamental to Nāṣir’s method is a form of spiritual hermeneutics or taʾwīl through which he demonstrates that the truths of philosophy serve as iconic representations of the truths of religion, thereby restoring philosophy to its original state of union with revealed, prophetic wisdom.