Kondoa, Tanzania

Starting Kisese II excavations

Community Archaeology at Kisese II (UNESCO World Heritage Center)

The deep human history of eastern Africa records the origins, survival, and evolution of modern humans. Few reliable chronologies exist, however, to answer questions related to this important period of human origins. Did humans change their technology in response to environmentally-induced risk? Was the emergence of behaviorally-modern technological repertoires gradual, abrupt, or punctuated? How and when did humans first transition from foraging to food production?

These are just a few examples of questions that our team is investigating in central Tanzania. Located in a UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Kondoa is world-famous for its dense and diverse depictions of hunter-gatherer and agropastoralist rock art. Less known is that within these shelters lies thick sedimentary deposits containing expansive archives of deep human history. At Kisese II, in particular, our team is working to combine high-resolution excavation methods with ethnoarchaeology, oral history, and educational outreach to advance knowledge of Tanzanian history and safeguard these important sites.

For more information on these projects, follow the social media links to the left.