Publications

2017
Hoffmann, Vivian, Pamela Jakiela, Michael Kremer, Ryan Sheely, and Matthew Goodkin-Gold. 2017. “There is No Place like Home: Theory and Evidence on Decentralization and Politician Preferences.” Working Paper. PDF
Ahuja, Amrita, Sarah Baird, Joan Hamory Hicks, Michael Kremer, and Edward Miguel. 2017. “Economics of Mass Deworming Programs.” Disease Control Priorities: Child and Adolescent Health and Development 8: 413-422. PDF
Kremer, Michael, and Christopher Snyder. 2017. “Preventives versus Treatments Redux: Tighter Bounds on Distortions in Innovation Incentives with an Application to the Global Demand for HIV Pharmaceuticals.” Working Paper. PDF
Croke, Kevin, Eric Hsu, and Michael Kremer. 2017. “More Evidence on the Effects of Deworming: What Lessons Can We Learn?.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 96 (6): 1265-1266. Publisher's Version PDF
Croke, Kevin, Joan Hamory Hicks, Eric Hsu, Michael Kremer, and Edward Miguel. 2017. “Should the Who Withdraw Support for Mass Deworming?.” PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 11 (6): e0005481. Publisher's Version PDF
Jack, William, Michael Kremer, Joost de Laat, and Tavneet Suri. 2017. “Borrowing Requirements, Credit Access, and Adverse Selection: Evidence from Kenya.” Working Paper. pdf
2016
Croke, Kevin, Joan Hamory Hicks, Eric Hsu, Michel Kremer, and Edward Miguel. 2016. “Does Mass Deworming Affect Child Nutrition? Meta-analysis, Cost-effectiveness, and Statistical Power.” Working Paper. PDF
Baird, Sarah, Joan Hamory Hicks, Michael Kremer, and Edward Miguel. 2016. “Worms at Work: Long-Run Impacts of a Child Health investment.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 131 (4): 1637-1680. Publisher's Version PDF
Kremer, Michael, and Jack Willis. 2016. “Guns, Latrines and Land Reform: Dynamic Pigouvian Taxation.” American Economic Review, 106, 5 (May 2016), 83-88. Publisher's Version PDF
Kremer, Michael, and Michael Clemens. 2016. “The New Role of the World Bank.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 30 (1): 53-76. PDF
Baird, Sarah, Joan Hamory Hicks, Michael Kremer, and Edward Miguel. 2016. “Supplementary Materials for Worms at Work: Long-run Impacts of Child Health Investment”. PDF

Supplementary material to  "Worms at Work: Long-run Impacts of a Child Health Investment." 

Kremer, Michael, Willa Friedman, Edward Miguel, and Rebecca Thornton. 2016. “Education as Liberation.” Economica, 73, 329, 1 - 30.Abstract

Scholars have long speculated about education’s political impacts, variously arguing that it promotes modern or pro-democratic attitudes; that it instills acceptance of existing authority; and that it empowers the disadvantaged to challenge authority. To avoid endogeneity bias, if schooling requires some willingness to accept authority, we assess the political and social impacts of a randomized girls’ merit scholarship incentive program in Kenya that raised test scores and secondary schooling. We find little evidence for modernization theory. Consistent with the empowerment view, young women in program schools were less likely to accept domestic violence. Moreover, the program increased objective political knowledge, and reduced acceptance of political authority. However, this rejection of the status quo did not translate into greater perceived political efficacy, community participation, or voting intentions. Instead, the perceived legitimacy of political violence increased. Reverse causality may help account for the view that education instills greater acceptance of authority.

PDF
2015
Kremer, Michael, and Edward Miguel. 2015. “Understanding Deworming Impacts on Education”. PDF
Ahuja, Amrita, Sarah Baird, Joan Hamory Hicks, Michael Kremer, Edward Miguel, and Shawn Powers. 2015. “When Should Governments Subsidize Health? The Case of Mass Deworming.” The World Bank Economic Review 29: S9-S24. Publisher's VersionAbstract

We discuss how evidence and theory can be combined to provide insight on the appropriate subsidy level for health products, focusing on the specific case of deworming. Although intestinal worm infections can be treated using safe, low-cost drugs, some have challenged the view that mass school-based deworming should be a policy priority. We review well-identified research which both uses experimental or quasi-experimental methods to demonstrate causal relationships and adequately accounts for epidemiological externalities from deworming treatment, including studies of deworming campaigns in the Southern United States, Kenya, and Uganda. The existing evidence shows consistent positive impacts on school participation in the short run and on academic test scores, employment, and income in the long run, while suggesting that most parents will not pay for deworming treatment that is not fully subsidized. There is also evidence for a fiscal externality through higher future tax revenue, which may exceed the cost of the program. Our analysis suggests that the economic benefits of school-based deworming programs are likely to exceed their costs in places where worm infestations are endemic. This would likely be the case even if the benefits were only a fraction of estimates in the existing literature.

Mass Deworming
Duflo, Esther, Pascaline Dupas, and Michael Kremer. 2015. “Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya.” American Economic Review 105 (9): 2757 - 97. Publisher's Version
Kremer, Michael, and Christopher M. Snyder. 2015. “Preventives vs. Treatments.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 130 (3): 1167 -1239. PDF
Kremer, Michael, Supreet Kaur, and Sendhil Mullainathan. 2015. “Self Control at Work.” Journal of Political Economy 123 (6): 1227 - 1277. selfcontrol.pdf
Duflo, Esther, Pascaline Dupas, and Michael Kremer. 2015. “School Governance, Teacher Incentives, and Pupil-Teacher Ratios: Experimental Evidence from Kenyan Primary Schools.” Journal of Public Economics, 123, March 2015, 92 - 110. PDF

Working Paper

2014
Kremer, Michael, and Tom Wilkening. 2014. “Protecting Antiquities: A Role for Long-Term Leases?”.Abstract

140 countries have adopted bans on exports of antiquities, in part because these are seen as needed to protect cultural heritage for future generations. However, if enforcement is imperfect, export bans may be counterproductive, spurring the growth of a black market trade which can damage objects and obscure the archaeological record. We argue that allowing fixed-duration, long-term leases of antiquities or sales contracts with a pre-arranged repurchase option could achieve most of the goals of export bans while at the same time raising revenue for the source country and improving incentives for maintenance and revelation of antiquities in de facto private hands. While option contracts may be useful in the presence of credit constraints because they shift more revenue forward, leases are optimal mechanisms for resolving hold up and more robustly protect antiquities whenofficials in charge of cultural patrimony may be corrupt.

Antiquities_February_2014.pdf

Working Paper

2013
Kremer, Michael, Jean Lee, Jonathan Robinson, and Olga Rostapshova. 2013. “Behavioral Biases and Firm Behavior: Evidence from Kenyan Retail Shops.” American Economic Review: Papers and Proceedings 103 (3): 362-368. PDFf

Pages