Publications

2020
S. Cortesi, A. Hasse, A. Lombana-Bermudez, S.Kim, and U. Gasser. 3/23/2020. Youth and digital citizenship+ (plus): Understanding skills for a digital world. Youth and Media, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society.. Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Youth and Digital Citizenship+ (Plus): Understanding Skills for a Digital World — by Sandra Cortesi, Alexa Hasse, Andres Lombana-Bermudez, Sonia Kim, and Urs Gasser — maps the current discourse around youth (ages 12-18) and digital citizenship. The report focuses on several key questions: 

  • Why has the concept of digital citizenship become central in discussions about youth, education, and learning in the 21st century? 
  • How is the concept of digital citizenship similar to or different from other concepts, such as digital literacy, media literacy, new media literacies, 21st century skills, or digital competence? 
  • Based on a mapping of 35 frameworks, what does the current digital citizenship landscape address, and to what extent are youth’s voices included in the development, implementation, and evaluation of digital citizenship initiatives? 
  • What are key considerations for learning spaces and meaningful youth engagement?
  • How can we address underexplored areas, such as artificial intelligence and data? 
2019
Alexa Hasse, Sandra Clio Cortesi, Andres Lombana Bermudez, and Urs Gasser. 5/2019. Youth and Artificial Intelligence: Where We Stand. https://dash.harvard.edu/handle/1/40268058. Berkman Klein Center for Interent and Society. Publisher's VersionAbstract

This spotlight seeks to share Youth and Media’s initial learnings and key questions around the intersection between AI and youth (ages 12-18), in the context of domains such as education, health and well-being, and the future of work. It aims to encourage various stakeholders — including policymakers, educators, and parents and caregivers — to consider how we can empower young people to meaningfully interact with AIbased technologies to promote and bolster learning, creative expression, and wellbeing, while also addressing key challenges and concerns.

2018
S. C. Watkins, A. Lombana-Bermudez, A. Cho, J. Vickery, V. Shaw, and L. Weizenber. 12/11/2018. The Digital Edge: How Black and Latino Youth Navigate Digital Inequality.. 2018th ed., Pp. 304. New York : NYU Press.Abstract
The Digital Edge examines how the digital and social-media lives of low-income youth, especially youth of color, have evolved amidst rapid social and technological change. While notions of the digital divide between the “technology rich” and the “technology poor” have largely focused on access to new media technologies, the contours of the digital divide have grown increasingly complex. Analyzing data from a year‐long ethnographic study at Freeway High School, the authors investigate how the digital media ecologies and practices of black and Latino youth have adapted as a result of the wider diffusion of the internet all around us--in homes, at school, and in the palm of our hands. Their eager adoption of different technologies forge new possibilities for learning and creating that recognize the collective power of youth: peer networks, inventive uses of technology, and impassioned interests that are remaking the digital world.
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A. Lombana Bermudez. 2018. “Economía Digital, Cultura Maker, y Nuevas Formas de Creación de Valor. .” In Jóvenes, transformación digital y nuevas formas de inclusión en América Latina, 2018th ed. Montevideo, Uruguay. Penguin Random House. ISBN: 978-9974-888-23-4.Abstract
La presente publicación, escrita colectivamente entre muchas miradas, es una invitación a reflexionar acerca de los desafíos y oportunidades que surgen de las prácticas digitales por parte de las nuevas generaciones. Se gesta a partir del trabajo colaborativo entre el Centro de Estudios Fundación Ceibal (Uruguay), la red Digitally Connected integrada por el Berkman Klein Center de la Universidad de Harvard y Unicef (Estados Unidos), el Instituto de Comunicación e Imagen de la Universidad de Chile (Chile), la Facultad de Información y Comunicación de la Universidad de la República (Uruguay) y el Grupo de Estudios en internet, Comercio electrónico, Telecomunicaciones e Informática (Gecti) de la Universidad de Los Andes (Colombia). El proyecto nace hace más de un año y medio cuando el equipo editorial se propuso construir un libro que sirviera como espacio de diálogo y material de apoyo al público interesado en las prácticas digitales de niños, niñas, adolescentes y jóvenes. Nuestra idea era elaborar un texto que fuese accesible, de fácil lectura y que representara las múltiples voces del contexto latinoamericano. Establecimos que el eje central de la publicación debía ser la inclusión social. La heterogeneidad socioeconómica y la riqueza cultural y geográfica que caracteriza nuestro continente podía permitirnos reunir diversas prácticas, estrategias e iniciativas para explorar nuevas formas de inclusión social. Comenzamos con los procesos de transformación que observamos en nuestras sociedades a partir de la expansión de las tecnologías de la información y de la comunicación. Buscamos contemplar las distintas dimensiones asociadas a dichas transformaciones que tienen a los jóvenes como principal agente social. Entre dichas dimensiones identificamos las siguientes: nuevas formas de socialización y de construcción de identidad; nuevas formas de participación y organización; nuevas estrategias para enseñar y aprender; nuevas ocupaciones e interrelaciones entre la economía y la cultura; nuevas formas de pensar la privacidad y seguridad en línea y nuevos derechos y responsabilidades que surgen a partir de un concepto de ciudadanía en constante cambio. De este modo el grupo editorial definió las seis temáticas que estructuran el libro. Cada una presenta preguntas específicas, sin embargo, las mismas se interrelacionan y dialogan entre sí. El trabajo de revisión y selección de los artículos correspondiente a cada temática, fue coordinado por un editor experto en el tema, en colaboración con coordinadores académicos. El trabajo de revisión implicó distintas instancias de intercambio con los autores, con el objetivo privilegiar la pertinencia, calidad y contribución de cada propuesta al contenido final. Esta publicación se compone de distintos abordajes y tipos de contribuciones que esperamos que permitan al lector acercarse a los distintos contextos latinoamericanos. A lo largo de los 34 artículos se identifican ensayos, investigaciones y experiencias de trabajo. Los autores cuentan con perfiles diversos: investigadores y académicos, estudiantes, hacedores de políticas públicas, docentes, profesionales, representantes de organizaciones de la sociedad civil, padres y ciudadanos interesados en aportar su visión sobre el tema. Finalmente, es relevante destacar la participación de los casi 400 proponentes de 28 países, quienes nos hicieron llegar sus propuestas tanto escritas como creativas con una alta participación de jóvenes.Confiamos en que el libro constituirá un insumo para la reflexión y el conocimiento acerca del rol que ocupan las nuevas generaciones en la sociedad actual. De este mismo modo invitamos a la difusión y promoción de las iniciativas con el objetivo de continuar activando procesos de inclusión social mediada por tecnologías digitales en un continente que queremos ver cada día más conectado.
Cobo, C; Cortesi, S; Brossi, L; Doccetti, S; Lombana, A; Remolina, N; Winocur, R, y Zucchetti, A. (Eds.). (2018). Jóvenes, transformación digital y formas de inclusión en América Latina. Montevideo, Uruguay: Penguin Random House.
A. Lombana Bermudez. 2018. “La evolución de las brechas digitales y el auge de la Inteligencia Artificial (IA).” Revista Mexicana de Bachillerato a Distancia, 10, 20.Abstract
2017
A. (2017) Lombana Bermudez. 2017. ““Home Environments”.” In Encyclopedia of out-of-school learning. . Los Angeles, CA. Sage Publications. Publisher's Version
A. Lombana Bermudez. 2017. ““Photosharing”.” In Encyclopedia of out-of-school learning. Los Angeles, CA. Sage Publications.
A. Lombana Bermudez. 2017. “Moderation and Sense of Community in a Youth-Oriented Online Platform: Scratch’s Governance Strategy for Addressing Harmful Speech.” In Perspectives on Harmful Speech Online. . Cambridge: Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society Research Publication. Publisher's Version
Andres Lombana Bermudez. 2017. “Voices from the Atrato River: Digital Media and Internally Displaced People in Colombia.” ReVista. Harvard Review of Latin America., no. Winter. Publisher's Version
2015
A. Lombana Bermudez. 4/26/2015. “Re-Thinking Youth Participation and Civic Engagement in the Digital Age.” In Digitally Connected: Global Perspectives on Youth and Digital Media. Berkman Center Research Publication No. 2015-6. Publisher's VersionAbstract
A. Lombana Bermudez. 2015. “Networked and disconnected : Latino/Hispanic immigrant youths, digital media, and assimilation into the U.S.” Radio Television Film Department. College of Communication. Publisher's VersionAbstract

This study examines how a group of second- and 1.5-generation Latino/Hispanic immigrant youths (14-18) navigate the uneven process of assimilation into the United States by using digital tools and networks. Understanding Latino/Hispanic immigrant youth as social actors and creative agents, I investigate how their new media practices and skills help them assimilate into multiple dimensions of the host country. For this purpose, I use a transdisciplinary framework that combines sociocultural theories of media practice, critical theories of digital inequality, and sociological theories of assimilation. Through a series of case studies of five immigrant youths with Mexican origins (two girls and three boys, ages 14-18) and working class socioeconomic backgrounds, I analyze the mediated activities they have developed in the contexts of their homes, an after-school program, and social media networked spaces. I draw on qualitative data that I helped collect as a member of the Digital Edge project during a longitudinal ethnography (2011-2012) conducted at Freeway High School, a large, ethnically diverse, low-performing, and economically disadvantaged public school in the Austin Metropolitan Area. By revealing the local conditions and structural forces that shape how these Latino/Hispanic immigrant youths use technology in their everyday life, my analysis provides: new insights into digital divides and participation gaps; a grounded understanding of the role of new media practices and skills in the process of assimilation; and a nuanced description of the diverse media environments accessed by minority youth. My findings suggest that Latino/Hispanic immigrant youth use digital media technology to assimilate into cultural, linguistic, and social dimensions of U.S. society. Particularly, as the five youths developed new media practices and gained new media skills, their process of adaptation to the culture and language of the host country accelerated. However, although they obtained skills that helped them to advance in their process of assimilation, their abilities were not developed to high levels of expertise and their participation in new media cultures often remained peripheral. Evidence reveals that digital inequalities and participation gaps persist and continue to evolve in complex ways.

Advisors: S. Craig Watkins (Chair), Mary Celeste Kearney, Kathleen Tyner, Joe Straubhaar, and Henry Jenkins.

2014
A. Lombana Bermudez and J. Murphy. 5/2014. “Pole Position: Walking Formula One in East Austin.” The End of Austin (Issue 5).
2013
A. Lombana Bermudez. 2013. “Gamification and Learning Environments: Designing for Engagement and Fun.” MediaCommons: A Digital Scholarly Network. New York University: New York.
A. Lombana Bermudez. 2013. “Urban Labyrinths, Ariadne’s Threads, and GPS Data: Logging and Drawing Trajectories with a GPS Personal Navigation Device.” Media Fields Journal. Critical Explorations in Media and Space. University of California : Santa Barbara., 6.Abstract
ISSN 2159–7553.
2010
A. Lombana Bermudez. 2010. “Lunacy at Termite Terrace: The Slapstick Style of Warner Bros. Animation.” Cinephile. Sound on Screen. University of British Columbia’s film journal: Vancouver., 6, 1. Publisher's VersionAbstract
2008
A. Lombana Bermudez. 2008. “The “New” Sounds of the Slap-of-the-Stick.” Comparative Media Studies. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.Abstract

This thesis argues that slapstick is a mode of comedy that has become a tradition because its basic principles of physical violence and disruption, and its conventions of grotesque movement and of mockery and abuse of the body, have been developed across media, cultures, and eras. Accordingly, this thesis examines the comic routines or lazzi –independent and modular micronarratives—where the slapstick principles and conventions have been formalized, and explores their different reinterpretations: from Commedia dell’Arte to American Vaudeville to American live-action comedy to American animation. Since sound plays a major role inside the lazzi, the analysis focuses on the sound practices and technologies that have been used across media to produce comic effects. In addition, this thesis claims that the theatrical animated cartoons -Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies- made at Termite Terrace between 1937 and 1943 embody the slapstick tradition, reinvigorate it, and transform it. The thesis explains the production processes (technologies and practices) that led up to the creation of an energetic audiovisual rhythm and the sophisticated orchestration of all the sound elements (music, voices, sound-effects) in complex soundtracks. Finally, an audiovisual analysis of seven animated shorts reveals a sonic vocabulary for depicting the cartoon body and shows the schizophonic mimesis that takes place when using it. All in all, the study of the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies of this time period reveals the interplay between convention and innovation that characterizes the slapstick style of Termite Terrace, a style that years later became the trademark of Warner Bros. animation.

Advisors: Henry Jenkins and Stefan Hemlreich

2004
A. Lombana Bermudez. 2004. “Transitando Babel.” In Ciudad y Literatura: Nuevas Estéticas Urbanas. Ciudad y Literatura: III Encuentro de Nuevos Narradores de América Latina y España. Bogotá: Convenio Andrés Bello.Abstract

ISBN:     9586981355

 

2003
A. Lombana Bermudez. 6/1/2003. “Escritura de Nación Colombiana en Maria (1867) de Jorge Isaacs.” Literatura. Universidad de los Andes.
2001
A. Lombana Bermudez. 6/1/2001. “Jóvenes, Medios Electrónicos de Comunicación, y Ritmología “Pública” Cotidiana.” Political Science. Universidad de los Andes.