A New Multisystem Disorder Caused by the Gαs Mutation p.F376V.


Biebermann H, Kleinau G, Schnabel D, Bockenhauer D, Wilson LC, Tully I, Kiff S, Scheerer P, Reyes M, Paisdzior S, et al. A New Multisystem Disorder Caused by the Gαs Mutation p.F376V. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism [Internet]. 2019;104 (4) :1079-1089.



The α subunit of the stimulatory G protein (Gαs) links numerous receptors to adenylyl cyclase. Gαs, encoded by GNAS, is expressed predominantly from the maternal allele in certain tissues. Thus, maternal heterozygous loss-of-function mutations cause hormonal resistance, as in pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ia, whereas somatic gain-of-function mutations cause hormone-independent endocrine stimulation, as in McCune-Albright syndrome.


We report two unrelated boys presenting with a new combination of clinical findings that suggest both gain and loss of Gαs function.


Clinical features were studied and sequencing of GNAS was performed. Signaling capacities of wild-type and mutant Gαs were determined in the presence of different G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) under basal and agonist-stimulated conditions.


Both unrelated patients presented with unexplained hyponatremia in infancy, followed by severe early onset gonadotrophin-independent precocious puberty and skeletal abnormalities. An identical heterozygous de novo variant (c.1136T>G; p.F376V) was found on the maternal GNAS allele in both patients; this resulted in a clinical phenotype that differed from known Gαs-related diseases and suggested gain of function at the vasopressin 2 receptor (V2R) and lutropin/choriogonadotropin receptor (LHCGR), yet increased serum PTH concentrations indicative of impaired proximal tubular PTH1 receptor (PTH1R) function. In vitro studies demonstrated that Gαs-F376V enhanced ligand-independent signaling at the PTH1R, LHCGR, and V2R and, at the same time, blunted ligand-dependent responses. Structural homology modeling suggested mutation-induced modifications at the C-terminal α5 helix of Gαs that are relevant for interaction with GPCRs and signal transduction.


The Gαs p.F376V mutation causes a previously unrecognized multisystem disorder.

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Last updated on 07/16/2019