Hizbullah: The Calculus of Jihad


Kramer, Martin. “Hizbullah: The Calculus of Jihad.” Bulletin of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 47, no. 8 (1994): 20-43.
Calculus of Jihad (pdf)2.16 MB

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Also appeared here: Martin Kramer, “Hizbullah: The Calculus of Jihad,” in Fundamentalisms and the State: Remaking Polities, Economies, and Militance (= The Fundamentalism Project, vol. 3), eds. M. Marty and R.S. Appleby (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993), pp. 539-56.

See also: Hizbullah, Lebanon
Last updated on 12/14/2018