Kramer, Martin. “Syria's Alawis and Shi'ism.” In Shi'ism, Resistance and Revolution, edited by Martin Kramer, 237-54. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1987.
|Syria's Alawis and Shi'ism (pdf)||2.3 MB|
|העלווים והאסלאם השיעי (pdf)||8.72 MB|
|علویان سوریه وتشیع (pdf)||3.77 MB|
An analysis of the effort by Syria's politically dominant Alawi minority to secure legitimation as Muslim, and the resistance to that effort by Syria's Sunni majority.