Publications

2014
Kramer, Martin. “Gaza = Auschwitz.” Mosaic Magazine, 2014. Web originalAbstract

The spread of the Gaza-Auschwitz analogy from the extremist fringe to the faculty of a prestigious American university suggests that one variety of hate speech has achieved respectability.

"Gaza = Auschwitz" (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “Anwar Sadat's Visit to Jerusalem, 1955.” In Nationalism, Identity and Politics: Israel and the Middle East. Studies in Honor of Prof. Asher Susser, edited by Bruce Maddy-Weizman and Meir Litvak, 29-41. Tel Aviv: The Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, 2014.Abstract

Anwar Sadat's 1977 visit to Jerusalem was considered an unprecedented breakthrough. But for Sadat himself, this was his second visit to the city. In 1955, he made a one-day visit to Jordanian East Jerusalem, including prayer at the Aqsa Mosque, as secretary of the Cairo-based Islamic Congress. Sadat used the visit to undermine efforts to bring Jordan into the Baghdad Pact, and to counter the activities of the Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan and especially Jerusalem. The article covers the visit, primarily on the basis of East Jerusalem newspaper reports, and reconstructs its various contexts.

Anwar Sadat's Visit to Jerusalem, 1955 (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “What Happened at Lydda.” Mosaic Magazine, 2014, July 1. Web originalAbstract

Martin Kramer's critique of the chapter "Lydda, 1948" in Ari Shavit's bestselling book My Promised Land, including responses by Efraim Karsh and Benny Morris. The debate focuses on whether there was an Israeli massacre of Palestinian Arabs following the conquest of Lydda in July 1948.

What Happened at Lydda (pdf) What Happened at Lydda (book chapter, pdf)
The article includes responses from Efraim Karsh and Benny Morris. It was republished in The War on Error (2016). This entry includes pdfs of the web version (including illustrations and map), and the book chapter version (including footnotes).
Kramer, Martin. “35 Years After the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty.” Commentary, 2014. Web originalAbstract

Parallels in the lives of Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin may have been crucial in the making of Egyptian-Israeli peace.

35 Years After the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty (pdf)
2013
Kramer, Martin. “Boycott Me. Please.” Foreign Policy, 2013. Web originalAbstract

As president of an Israeli college, Martin Kramer would rather face the anti-Israel academic boycott than forfeit his integrity. Published at Foreign Policy on December 19, 2013.

Boycott Me. Please. (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “Chuck Hagel and Linkage.” The Weekly Standard, 2013. Web originalAbstract

An examination of Chuck Hagel's interactions with Arab and Israeli leaders, as reflected in U.S. diplomatic dispatches preserved in WikiLeaks.

Chuck Hagel and Linkage (pdf)
2011
Rules of Engagement: How Government Can Leverage Academe
Kramer, Martin. Rules of Engagement: How Government Can Leverage Academe. Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Pollicy, 2011. Publisher's VersionAbstract

For almost two generations, major parts of academe have been alienated from America's exercise of power due to entrenched ideological differences with the federal government. Following President Obama's election, however, signs of a remarkable shift emerged, with more academics serving in policy positions, huddling with top officials behind closed doors, and otherwise extolling the virtues of "soft" or "smart" power. How can Washington take advantage of this once-in-a-generation opportunity to create more structured and effective partnerships with universities?

In this Policy Focus, Dr. Martin Kramer surveys the state of government-academe relations ten years after his bestselling book Ivory Towers dissected "the failure of Middle Eastern studies in America." Intended as a short field manual for government engagement with professors, deans, and university presidents, the paper describes how policymakers can better wield three of academia's most important levers: the clout inherent in peer review, the influence conferred by academic endowments, and the access created by sharing information despite the need to keep some of it classified.

Rules of Engagement: How Government Can Leverage Academe (pdf)
2009
Kramer, Martin. How Not to Fix the Middle East. Middle East Strategy at Harvard (MESH). Cambridge, MA: Middle East Strategy at Harvard (MESH), 2009. Publisher's VersionAbstract

The Obama administration is undercutting its own ambitious agenda, by signaling that the United States has lost some of its weight in world affairs. The “post-American” rhetoric of liberal internationalists and realists is setting off a scramble for advantage among the “middle powers” of the Middle East. Originally a lecture delivered on November 16, 2009, to the Columbia University International Relations Forum (CUIRF).

How Not to Fix the Middle East (pdf)
2008
Kramer, Martin. “Hamas: 'Glocal' Islamism.” In Iran's Race for Regional Supremacy, 68-73. Jerusalem: Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, 2008. Full volumeAbstract

Hamas is often presented as an variety of Palestinian nationalism. This underestimates its Islamic and pan-Islamic dimension.

Hamas: 'Glocal' Islamism (pdf)
2006
Kramer, Martin. “Hamas, Hezbollah and Iran: The Challenges for Israel and the West.” The Sydney Papers 18, no. 3-4 (2006): 19-27.Abstract
A survey of the threats posed by both movements to the stability of the Middle East and the interests of Israel and the West. A lecture delivered by Martin Kramer at the Sydney Institute June 6, 2006.
Hamas, Hezbollah, and Iran (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “The Israeli-Islamist War.” Occasional Papers Series, Middle East Program, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2006, Fall 2006, 8-10.Abstract

The Israeli-Arab and Israeli-Palestinian conflicts have been transcended by the Israeli-Islamist conflict. The 2006 Israel-Hezbollah war may be the first such conflict of many.

The Israeli-Islamist War (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “The American Interest.” Azure, no. 26 (2006): 21-33. Publisher's VersionAbstract

American support for Israel isn't only based on shared values and a sense of mutual obligation. It has a firm foundation in interests, in the most realist calculation.

The American Interest (pdf) בכל זאת נכס אסטרטגי (pdf)

Hebrew translation:  2007, תכלת 26, חורף התשס''ז

2005
Kramer, Martin. “Islam and Islamism: Western Attitudes Since 9/11.” In Democracy, Islam and the Middle East, edited by Amnon Cohen, 63-70. Jerusalem: The Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2005.Abstract
An exploration of the Western failings of interpretation of the events of 9/11 and their origins.
Islam and Islamism: Western Attitudes Since 9/11 (pdf)
2003
Kramer, Martin. “Coming to Terms: Fundamentalists or Islamists?Middle East Quarterly 10, no. 2 (2003): 65-77. Coming to Terms: Fundamentalists or Islamists?Abstract
The evolution of terms used in the West to describe the role of Islam in politics.
Coming to Terms: Fundamentalists or Islamists?
Kramer, Martin, and The Saban Center. “Inclusion or Exclusion? Islamism in Politics.” An Agenda for Action: The 2002 Doha Conference on U.S. Relations with the Islamic World. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 2003.Abstract

An argument against inclusion of Islamist actors in liberalizing settings in the Arab world.

Inclusion or Exclusion? Islamism in Politics (pdf) قُبول أم إقْصاء: الأصولية الإسلامية قي مجال السياسة (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “Policy and the Academy: An Illicit Relationship?Middle East Quarterly 10, no. 1 (2003): 65-73. Publisher's VersionAbstract

An inquiry into the views of the late Elie Kedourie on the relationship between academe and the making of foreign policy.

Policy and the Academy (pdf)
2001
Kramer, Martin. “The Middle East in 1999: Changing Guard.” In Middle East Contemporary Survey 1999, edited by Bruce Maddy-Weitzman, 23:5-15. Tel Aviv: The Moshe Dayan Center, 2001. Google BooksAbstract
A summary of events in the Middle East in 1999.
The Middle East in 1999: Changing Guard (pdf)
Ivory Towers on Sand: The Failure of Middle Eastern Studies in America
Kramer, Martin. Ivory Towers on Sand: The Failure of Middle Eastern Studies in America. Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Pollicy, 2001. Publisher's VersionAbstract

For the past twenty years, Middle Eastern studies in America have been factories of error. The academics, blinded by their own prejudices and enslaved to the fashions of the disciplines, have failed to anticipate or explain any of the major developments in the Middle East. Within the field, hardly a voice dares to protest, but beyond it, each debacle chips away at academic's credibility. Middle Eastern studies have failed--at a time when understanding the Middle East has become crucial to America. In this iconoclastic exposé, Martin Kramer surveys the ruins of Middle Eastern studies, to ask how and why they went wrong. Ivory Towers on Sand is the most thorough critique of Middle Eastern studies ever published in the United States--and a necessary step toward their reconstruction.

Ivory Towers on Sand: The Failure of Middle Eastern Studies in America (pdf)
2000
Kramer, Martin. “The Middle East in 1997: Soft Coups for Hard Times.” In Middle East Contemporary Survey 1997, edited by Bruce Maddy-Weitzman, 21:5-21. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000. Google BooksAbstract
A summary of events in the Middle East in 1997.
The Middle East in 1997: Soft Coups for Hard Times (pdf)
1999
Kramer, Martin. “Bernard Lewis.” In Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1:719-720. London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1999.Abstract
An encyclopedia entry outlining the contribution of Bernard Lewis to the history-writing of the Middle East.
Bernard Lewis (pdf)

Pages